It is to develop the elderly of Africa, Uganda financially.


Secondly, it is to assist the needy and disabled.


Third, it is to humanely visit the sick and stressed.


Fourth it is to create financial projects for the needy to generate income for the elderly and young.


This organization has carried out such activities as:

Cake and bread baking.


Members have been involved in rural building construction and road making and repairs.


Members have been involved in decoration on functions.


Members have been involved in all means of assistance in burial ceremonies in the communities.



Ugandan workers are less educated and poorly paid:

Publish Date: 22 September, 2014


By Samuel Sanya



MOST working Ugandans are only educated up to secondary level, work for 10 years, six days a week and earn at least shillings 403/- per hour according to a wages survey.


In the wage indicator survey, released recently, 1,306 Ugandans from all administrative regions were interviewed by the Federation of Uganda Employers (FUE) in conjunction with Dutch and Tanzanian researchers.


Conservative estimates place Uganda’s working population at 17 million. The average working week of respondents is almost 60 hours and they work six days per week.


Slightly over half (51%) work evenings, seven of 10 workers report working on Saturdays, while four of 10 work on Sundays.


Nearly half of the workers in the sample were managers. Only two of 10 workers had a permanent contract, three of 10 were on fixed term contract while four of 10 workers said they are entitled to social security.


Despite the low numbers entitled to pensions, respondents indicated having four dependants on average. The analysis showed that 77% of the workers were paid on or above the poverty line of sh403 per hour or $1.25 (about sh3,000) per day.


Five percent of workers had no formal education, 14% studied to primary education 48% had secondary education certificates, 16% had a college education and 17% a university degree. Only 62% of informal workers are paid above the poverty line compared to 97% of the most formal workers.


Workers in trade, transport and hospitality are most at risk of poverty with 30% paid less than a dollar a day. Public servants are best paid. At least 92% earned above the poverty line.


Labour State minister Rukutana Mwesigwa recently revealed that Cabinet is considering creation of a wage board and a minimum wage.


The Government last set a minimum wage of sh6,000 in 1984. In 1975, the Minimum Wage Advisory Council recommended a sh75,000 minimum monthly wage. It remains on paper.

Why are the poor citizens of Uganda receiving money that is accounted for as a national pension for the elderly of this country?


By Joseph Kato


Posted  Tuesday, July 5   2016


The Senior Citizens Grant in Uganda is given to the elderly aged 65 and above to help them live decent livelihoods; however, in some districts, it is the young, energetic poor that are being given the money.

Over 110,000 persons aged 65 and above in 141 sub-counties, towns and 6,028 villages in 15 districts are beneficiaries of the Senior Citizens Grant (SCG) that was started in 2010. SCG is one of the essential modules of the Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment (SAGE), financed by government and development partners such as DFID and Irish Aid.

SCG is aimed at enhancing access to basic needs such as food security, better nutrition, health care and improving housing among others which is legal onus of the state to provide wellbeing and upkeep for the elderly.

David Lambert Tumwesigye, advocacy advisor at Expanding Social Protection (ESP) at the Ministry Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) calls upon the new MPs to join the Uganda Parliamentary Forum on Social Protection (UPFSP) so that they can advocate care for the elderly.

What do MPs say?

Agnes Taka, Bugiri Woman MP, appreciates the services that have been offered to the elderly through SAGE. However, she calls upon the government to be open and involve grassroots leaders when selecting beneficiaries saying it will help to avoid issues of segregation.

“We need to know what criterion is followed when choosing SAGE beneficiaries. It is perturbing to learn about activities being done in your constituency from locals. Leaders need to be involved,” argues Taka.

She wonders why majority of the 15 districts where SAGE has been enrolled and the next 20 districts targeted to benefit from the programme are not from poverty stricken areas.

She asks her colleagues to push the government hard so that there can be transparency in the enrollment.

Rtd Lt Cyrus Amodoi, MP Tonoma County, Katakwi district, marvels at why the programme in some districts has been shifted from the elderly to the poorest people.

“What I have seen is that there is political interference in some parts where SAGE has been enrolled. In some places they target the poorest people instead of senior citizens,” says Amodoi.

In response to MPs queries, Drake Rukundo, Policy and Monitoring and Evaluation, UPFSP, says they have on ground people who gather information for the befitting citizens. He encourages the MPs to advocate countrywide enrollment for the elderly.

Rukundo says they want government to commit resources as a priority towards social protection to help the elderly live decent livelihoods because they are the bridge between the past and the future.

He applauds the 9th Parliament for being instrumental in ensuring the survival of the SAGE programme and extending it from 15 districts to additional 40 districts in the next five years.

In the FY 2015/16 Budget process, Parliament made a resolution where the SAGE programme was to be rolled out to the whole country covering 100 oldest persons in every sub-county.

Tumwesigye says the 10th parliament and the government did their work and it remains critical that all districts get covered for fairness and equitable development. The new MPs are expected to enlist to become members so that advocacy on social protection is boosted.

The forum undertakes to provide information and create spaces for engagement on issues touching social protection.

The cabinet passed the social protection policy which proposes a myriad of progressive interventions that if implemented will significantly contribute to the journey from third world to middle income status as envisaged in the Vision 2040.

However, even with the current roll-out plan, only a total of 55 districts will be reached leaving out 57 districts. To maximise pressure on government, the Forum has conducted regional consultative meetings that bring together Members of Parliament, District Chairpersons, District Community Development Officers and the civil society.

Reports from the Ministry

Reports from the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development indicate that the senior citizens grant is increasing productive investment where 32 per cent of the beneficiaries use the money to buy livestock or engage in petty trading while 27 per cent of the beneficiaries invest their money in hiring additional labour to work in their gardens.

“At least 16 per cent of the beneficiaries save their month’s payment purposely to cover emergencies, 17 per cent use the gratuities to support productive investments, cultivation (15 per cent and meeting the educational needs of children and/or grandchildren taking 14 per cent,” reads the report on expanding social protection programme for senior citizens grant.

According to the report, majority of the senior citizens grant beneficiaries spend the large part of their transfers on food leading to increased frequency, quantity and quality of meals eaten by beneficiary households.

The report further shows that SCG beneficiaries especially women consistently report improved participation in community affairs, sense of self-esteem and empowerment. Older people report feeling less discriminated against in their communities and more valued by their families on account of their ability to make social contributions to community-based social support mechanisms which are based on reciprocity like contributing to funerals and weddings.

About SAGE

SAGE is a financial support programme for people aged 65 years and above. Currently, the programme is covering 15 districts. A total of 40 more districts have been lined up to benefit from SAGE by 2020.

In the 2015/16 budget, over Shs30b was expected for the national rollout where 100 persons per sub-county were to benefit but government committed Shs9 billion only.



There is no official national register of pensioners in the country of Uganda:

10 June, 2016


By Nelson Wesonga, Kampala


Government says it does not have records of pensioners due to “lack of data and personal files.”

According to the ministry of Public Service, many pensioners do not show up for verification thus leading to delays in payment of their monthly dues and the once off gratuity.

The State minister for Public Service, Mr David Karubanga told MPs during plenary that the ministry will, carry out a census and biometric validation of pensioners starting February 20.

“The ministry of Public Service does not have a national register of pensioners,” Mr Karubanga said yesterday.

“Despite the decentralisation of pension management, a number of votes [ministries] have not verified the records on the payroll.”

A day earlier, Aruu Member of Parliament, Odonga Otto had told the August House that many pensioners have not been paid for several months.

Many were, therefore, depending on their relatives – who already have other financial responsibilities – to pay their bills or to buy basics.

Those without relatives are borrowing items from shopkeepers.

Shopkeepers though can only lend them for a few months expecting to be paid once they get their gratuity.

Following Mr Odonga’s remarks, the Speaker of Parliament, Rebecca Kadaga said the government was treating the senior citizens disrespectfully.

On Wednesday, Mr Karubanga also said the Public Service ministry had for the last four years not carried out verification of pensioners “due to funding shortage and lack of clear addresses" [of the pensioners].

The verification of the pensioners will be done between February 20 and March 24 at the district headquarters by Face Technologies.

According to Mr Karubanga, Face Technologies will do the work, which the ministry failed.

However, it is still not clear how much the ministry will pay the company.

Face Technologies is the company that processes driving permits for motorists.

Workers Members of Parliament Margaret Rwabushaija and the Erute Member of Parliament Jonathan Odur said the government should tell Ugandans when it would pay the pensioners all their arrears.

Mr Karubanga said payments are the responsibility of the Finance ministry.

All that Public Service does is to furnish the Finance ministry with the particulars of the claimants.



The Uganda National Water Sewerage Corporation has worked hard so that the city of Kampala has more water to use: 

3rd September, 2021

By Stephen Otage

 Environment Minister Sam Cheptoris (C), being shown some of the new installations at the Katosi Water Treatment Plant during a courtesy visit. PHOTO | STEPHEN OTAGE

National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) has said it now has about 100 million litres of surplus water within the Kampala Metropolitan Area. 

The surplus, according to NWSC, has resulted from completion of the Katosi Water Treatment Plant, which had added close to 160 million litres on the water supply network within Kampala Metropolitan Area.  

Speaking during a tour of the plant by Water and Environment Minister Sam Cheptoris, Dr Silver Mugisha, the NWSC managing director, said the surplus, although comes with some challenges, presents an opportunity to embark on a recruitment drive for new water connections, especially in areas where water access has been low or in areas that have previously had no access at all. 

“We are working on the distribution network for places where water is not reaching. We will [put some efforts in doing] new connections,” he said, but noted that with at least 50,000 new connections per annum within Kampala Metropolitan Area, demand would have outstripped supply in the next 10 years. 

Currently, he said, NSWC is producing close to 400 million litres of water per day against demand of close to 300 million litres in the Kampala Metropolitan Area. 

In May last year, water consumers in the Kampala Metropolitan Area had experienced an acute shortage of water supply, which NWSC blamed on shortage of about 60 million litres within the area. 

The shortage, according to NWSC, had largely led to water rationing, especially in the areas of Namugongo, Kireka, Sonde, Mukono, Kasangati and others in the eastern part of Kampala.

Kampala Metropolitan Area, which covers Kampala, Wakiso and Mukono, had by then relied on Ggaba plant, which has a daily supply of 240 million litres.

According to NWSC, the Katosi Water Treatment Plant has supply capacity of 240 million litres but would initially produce 160 million litres in addition to the 240 million litres produced by the Ggaba plant.

Mr Mugisha also noted that NWSC was in the process of developing a concept for new cities, which is expected to be funded using at least Shs300b with half of this which is 50 per cent,  coming from government. 

The plan, he said, seeks to generate at least seven million litres of water in the next five years for each new city, which among them include Mbarara, Masaka, Jinja, Mbale, Gulu Arua and those in the pipeline such as Hoima, Fort Portal, Soroti Moroto and Lira.

The Katosi Water Treatment Plant includes a 51-kilometre pipeline, which runs from Katosi through Mukono to Ntinda.

NWSC had also been working on reservoir tanks in Nsumba Hill, Ssonde Hill and a booster pumping station in Namugongo. 

Last year, NWSC had told Daily Monitor that the project would be launched in the first part of the 2021 quarters. 
However, the launch has been delayed by several months due to Covid-19 related disruptions. 

Water and Environment Minister Sam Cheptoris, said the surplus water will be used to close existing supply gaps, especially in Kampala. 

“Ugandans these days want value for money. I am happy the project was executed the way it was meant and I thank the corporation for completing the project in time without asking for extensions,” he said.

Engineer Badru Kigundu, the NWSC chairman, said the operationalisation and completion of Katosi Water Treatment Plant, has eliminated formerly dry zones and saturated Kampala with water.

“The supply areas of Mukono, Seeta, Sonde, Namugongo, Kyaliwajala, Kira, Bulindo, Naguru, Buwate, Kasangati, Gayaza, Namanve, Bweyogere, Kirinya, among others, which have previously been dry zones, are no more,” he said, noting that the board had approved NWSC’s 2021-2025 strategic plan as a framework for a new promise to Ugandans in line with the National Development Plan III.

Dry zones    
According to Eng Badru Kigundu, the NWSC chairman, the completion of Katosi Water Treatment Plant has eliminated formerly dry zones and saturated Kampala with water.

“The supply areas of Mukono, Seeta, Sonde, Namugongo, Kyaliwajala, Kira, Bulindo, Naguru, Buwate, Kasangati, Gayaza, Namanve, Bweyogere, Kirinya, among others, which have previously been dry zones, are no more,” he said, noting that the board had approved NWSC’s 2021-2025 strategic plan as a framework for a new promise to Ugandans in line with the NDP III.






The African country of Uganda continues to live on medical charity donations to fight COVID19

China has flown in to Uganda 300,000 doses of Sinovac COVID-19 vaccine which is still not enough for a population of 47 million people:



Written by URN



Chinese Ambassador to Uganda H.E Zhang Lizhong

China has donated 300,000 doses of the Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccines to Uganda.


The vaccines are expected to arrive in the country this Saturday, 31st July, 2021, according to the new Chinese Ambassador to Uganda Zhang Lizhong.

This will be the first consignment of another type of vaccine to come to Uganda after AstraZeneca which has been used to inoculate more than one million people since the start of the exercise in March.

The Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccine was validated in June by the World Health Organization (WHO) for emergency use, giving countries, funders, procuring agencies and communities the assurance that it meets international standards for safety, efficacy and manufacturing. The vaccine is produced by the Beijing-based pharmaceutical company Sinovac.

The organisation recommended its use as two doses of 0.5 ml each given intramuscularly, with an interval of 2–4 weeks between the first and second dose. Sinovac has delivered more than 1 billion doses of the vaccine, to among others, Brazil, Turkey, The Philippines, Indonesia and Chile.

The arrival of the Sinovac consignment was confirmed at a meeting in State House, Entebbe, where the new ambassador was presenting his credentials to President Yoweri Museveni on Tuesday evening.

During the meeting, Museveni hailed the excellent relationship between Uganda and China especially the support in the economic fields and added that Uganda is looking forward to scientific cooperation with China in the development of the COVID-19 vaccines.

“We have had a very good relationship with China for a very long time. We are grateful for the support China has given to us; the stadium, soft loans, and other programs and projects. We are now looking at the Standard Gauge Railway,” Museveni said.

He also noted that the economic rise of China should be an opportunity for more cooperation including business. On his part, Lizhong said that China will continue to support the economic transformation and industrialization of Uganda, and will encourage more Chinese investors to come and do business in Uganda as the investment environment and security are very conducive.

Meanwhile, Museveni also welcomed the new UN Resident coordinator to Uganda Ms Susan Ngongi Namondo with whom they discussed issues of mutual interest between Uganda and the United Nations - particularly environmental conservation and refugees.

“This part of the world is very fertile with a lot of water and nice climate. When Europeans came, they said we had too much rain and water in swamps and started planting water-drying species. A culture some of our people inherited by cultivating in the wetlands. Now [we] want to reverse that,” Museveni said.

He added that in some cases, they may have to pay compensation for people who were misled by governments to leave the swamps while those who willingly invaded wetlands would be chased out.

“These swamps are tributaries of the Nile but with aquatic species. For those misled by governments and colonialists, we shall have to compensate them but those who intentionally invaded swamps and forests, we shall just chase them but we shall not take them to prison but no compensation. Once we bring back full nature, very fertile and can support a big part of Africa in terms of food and raw materials we want to stop this sacrilege,” he said.

Museveni also singled out the issue of refugees in relation to land, relief, alternative energy and education.

“We have got 1.6 million refugees whom you are feeding but they are really cutting our trees. UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres came and organized fundraising and got money for one or two roads in refugee areas which is good but work on another form of energy other than biomass. We can work with our people about alternative energy like biogas,” Museveni said.

The president said if refugees get relief and the issue of energy, which is not depending on trees, is solved and provision of water and education for their children, they will be happy and not cause any deficit. He also urged the UN to have a policy of pre-fabricated shelter to avoid the use of trees. Namondo from Cameroon on her part pledged to work for the continued support from the UN to Uganda especially in achieving the country’s SDGs.

“My job here is to work with all colleagues and see how to support your development plans,” she said.


One hopes that this Sinovac COVID19 vaccine will not have to involve the UN and China to bring in their own expertise to immunize the population of this country.

If this country in the first COVID19 lockdown had learnt any lessons, and relied on its own resource to administer this vaccine, about 20 million citizens would by now be vaccinated without the need for a second lockdown.

If part of the police, the army and the educated public came together to follow an organized immunized program for the 47 million people of this country, without a curfew or lockdown, working 24 hours a day 7 days a week, by August 2021 this country would be living normally.
Mind you the year 2022 is soon on its way and this country is not going to continue to play COVID19 Delta games again as it has been doing this year.

A new total budget cost to vaccinate and to improve on the dilapidated hospitals for the future of this country must be discussed and put in place now.

Certification of Immunization of COVID19 on humans is currently in medical terms only one year.

Therefore if it takes eight months for Uganda to immunize all its population of 47 people by international standards, that means that by the end of the year 2021, a new beginning of immunization should be starting by January 2022 if the constant curfew and incessant lockdowns continuously delay the medical fight against COVID19 Delta!






In Uganda, the COVID-19 jabs can only be effective with mass vaccination of the whole population:


Written by URN



The Minister of health in the country receiving the vaccination


Experts say without mass vaccination even those vaccinated already remain at risk

The AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine will only be able to offer protection against the coronavirus disease and stop deaths or severe cases after more Ugandans have been vaccinated, health experts have said.


According to the experts, the reported deaths of already vaccinated personnel does not prove that the vaccine is ineffective, but rather that more people need to get vaccinated so that herd immunity can be built.

So far at only 3.3 per cent of the targeted 26.7 million people have received one jab in Uganda, yet the country needs to vaccinate at least 65 per cent of its population. Last week, Uganda received another 175,000 vaccine doses donation to add to the earlier 900,000 doses received from the COVAX Facility and the Indian goverment. More vaccines are expected in the country next month. 

Dr Misaki Wayengera, a virologist and head of the ministerial Covid-19 scientific task force, says more vaccinations need to be carried out and that people who have been vaccinated need to continue protecting themselves for at least 20 days to guarantee their safety.

"After vaccination the level of immunity is low. Immunity is built after a while. People who have been vaccinated need to observe all SOPs for at least 20 days as the body builds immunity," Wayengera said.

"Vaccines work in a communal manner; you need to have more people vaccinated to protect one another. You cannot be the lone island that you're the only person who is vaccinated and you're living among people who are not vaccinated, and you think you, you will be protected. The amount of exposure will be too high, ultimately you might get exposed. Some people might have been vaccinated with one jab." he said. 

Adding: If you have 60% vaccinated, it means amongst 100 people, only 60 will be protected that is the first dose. If you have the second dose, it means 92 per cent will be protected, 8 will not be protected. It means that those 8 will still be exposed, they might get severe disease, they might die. But if you have more people in community vaccinated, then the chances that you're protected even increase. It is the compounding thing that we call mutualism. You're more safe if you're seated among vaccinated people."

As of now, there's no data to indicate how many vaccinated people have succumbed to Covid-19 in the country. However, in light of the high number of infections being reported, Dr Alfred Driwale, the programme manager of the Uganda National Expanded Programme (UNEPI) says deaths if any should not be a surprise since vaccines cannot protect all persons.

According to Driwale, with every vaccination that takes place, 14 per cent of those vaccinated are likely not to receive protection offered by the vaccine. As such, they might need a booster dose to get protection or be protected by others getting vaccinated.

"From the word go, we all know that no vaccine is 100 per cent effective. If the effectiveness is 86 per cent which means 14 per cent of the people will not benefit from being vaccinated. At an individual level those who will not benefit, the 14 per cent will bear the consequences, the side effects against what we're vaccinating people. Therefore, if you look at these figures in absolute terms, it may not give you a good picture but it is more important to compare the people who are vaccinated with the outcomes of those who have not been vaccinated," Driwale said. 

The second round of vaccination is expected to start next week on Monday and only people getting their second jab will be vaccinated.  However, with Covid-19 variants circulating in the country, some of which have proved to be resistant to vaccines, Wayengera says more than two doses of the vaccines might be needed.

"Right now, there are studies that recommend getting more than two jabs of the vaccines for optimal protections especially in settings with variants. So we might need to do that but even then, people will need to take precaution after getting each dose," he explained.


"Vaccines work in a communal manner; you need to have more people vaccinated to protect one another. You cannot be the lone island that you're the only person who is vaccinated and you're living among people who are not vaccinated, and you think you will be protected. The amount of exposure will be too high, ultimately you might get exposed. Some people might have been vaccinated with one jab." he said. 


The public transport is all locked up. That is all wrong.
The political opposition must be respected and given a voice as soon as possible. So that a political unity of all the political parties is at once installed to run the governance of this infected country. This will allow this government to have enough accountable money to buy vaccines. Online communication costs must be reduced at once especially for the broadcasters of TV and Radio, medical, business and educational institutions to communicate nationally and internationally. The curfew should be scraped at once to allow life giving activities to go on 24 hours. Even mass vaccinations must continue to be done for 24 hours a day.





In the Ugandan so called national lockdown, there are bars and nightclubs that never close during lockdown

19 June, 2021


By Uganda Monitor Team


Police officers and Local Defence Unit personnel patrol Kampala streets during curfew time on April 29, 2020. PHOTO/AFP

Time check, 7.59pm. Venue: Urban Knight, a terrace bar in Bugembe, Jinja City, atop National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) offices. It is business or booziness as usual, with revellers playing pool, with no face masks, no sanitising, and no keeping social distancing.

Such is the state of things for many bars and nightclubs across the country, despite the tough measures imposed by government last year to curb the spread of Covid-19. 

Government closed all bars and nightclubs, with President Museveni defending the ban and warning that keeping both physical and social distancing among revellers would be hard to enforce.

But many bars and nightclubs across the country have remained open for more than a year now and in direct violation of the President’s orders. 

The hangouts also seem undeterred by the current spike in Covid-19 infections and deaths, spurred by laxity of Ugandans to observe the standard operating procedures (SOPs).

The multiple police raid on Kampala’s high-end Golf Club at Kololo, Levels Lounge at Kamwokya, and Garage Bar in Ntinda last week, had both well-placed patrons and common merrymakers arrested.

But who is to blame for these violations? 

President Museveni, in his latest address to the nation on June 6, announced another 42 days of lockdown.
He said: “The district taskforces chaired by resident district commanders (RDCs) are the bedrock of the fight against Covid-19.” 

But some of these RDCs and security officials tasked with enforcing the SOPs have become the selfsame violators.
In Kitgum Municipality, in the heart of the central business district, an RDC is said to run a night club that attracts hundreds of revellers, who cram the night spot’s hall and its verandah at weekends. 

Across the town’s Pager River bridge on the town’s northern fringes is yet another nightclub said to be run by a vocal political latecomer into the ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM) party.

Similarly, in Mbale City, the bars have barely followed the presidential orders. 
Two weeks ago, the police swooped on bars shortly after President Museveni’s televised address. 

The President had issued a new set of measures to contain the surging cases of Covid-19.
Among the bars that had not shut were Oax Bar and Restaurant, formerly known as Sukali, in Namakwekwe Ward, Northern Division, Mbale City.

It is said to be owned by a son of an influential businessman in Bugisu Sub-region.

In February, police arrested some 22 revellers from this same bar after a tip-off from concerned residents.
Steven Mauso, a resident of Link Cell in Mbale City, said they have for long complained to the security agencies but in vain. 

“They (security agencies) knew the bar was operating but could not do anything about it. They were corrupted,” Mauso told Saturday Monitor.

Embassy Bar and nightclub in Nkoma Ward, Northern City Division, is another resort that operated until last week and is believed to be owned by an Internal Security Organisation (ISO) operative.

Some police officers told Saturday Monitor that the owner is on good terms with the top police officers in the town. 
“Whenever we had operations, we would not go there,” one of the officers said.

Other hangouts include Super Mambo in Namakwekwe and HI5 Bar and Lounge in Senior Quarters, with locals saying the revellers spend nights, especially at the weekends, in those bars on the watch of police officers.

The residents had for long accused security officers of selectively enforcing the Covid-19 rules by allowing some bars to run while blocking others.

Arafat Kato, the officer-in-charge of Mbale Central Police Station, warned the bar owners to stop violating the Covid-19 guidelines.

The Elgon Region police spokesperson, Rogers Taitika, said police will continue targeting bars and nightclubs that operate illegally.

Rose Mutonyi, a local leader, however, said bar owners have continued violating the Covid-19 guidelines because it is their source of livelihood. 

“They operate secretly because they must earn a living. The government should allow them to reopen but with enforcement of SOPs,” she said.

In Busia, Embassy Bar, formerly Sangalo Inn in Sofia, on the Uganda-Kenya border, has never closed with revellers savouring their drinks in full glare of the public. 

The bar is said to be owned by a top officer in the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) and sometimes, police are seen guarding the bar as the binge rolls into the night uncurbed.

Galaxy Hotel, which also runs a big bar, has remained open in Busia Town. The facility, famed for attracting crowds, including security operatives, has flung open its doors for more than a year now despite the tough guidelines.

“Once here (Galaxy), you know you are secure because we share a bottle of wine and laugh with the men who are supposed to be enforcing the rules,” one of the patrons says.

Teso area, which teems with makeshift bars and specialises in selling local brew or malwa, is another hideaway, which has beaten the tough measures to remain operational. 

Here, the patrons swig away, dance the rhumba from music floating over across the border fence from Kenya as the nyama choma orders are ticked off.

In Jinja, the story is not any different as some bars owned by and frequented by security operatives never close.
Muna Bar and Club is one of such bars that remained operational despite the presidential directive to prevent the spread of Covid-19.


Some of the revellers who were arrested at Levels Lounge Bar and Restaurant in Kamwokya, Kampala, for flouting Covid-19 guidelines, board a police pick-up truck to the police station on June 9. PHOTO/COURTESY

One of the workers, who preferred to remain unnamed, said: “We hide our bar customers at night and most are from Kampala because Jinja police is not as strict as their Kampala counterparts,” he says.

Eddy, a reveller who claims to have patronised most of bars in Jinja City, says Pit Stop Bar (Rugby Club), Café 49 and Nile Chillers are some of the bars that have made a lot of money during the lockdown because they have never shut.

“During weekends, Pit Stop operates until the wee hours of the morning and the Rugby Grounds, which acts as the parking lot, is always crammed with vehicles. I am told it is owned by a UPDF Major.

“So, each time there is an operation, a call comes through, usually ‘from above’, and management is alerted to turn down the volume or order the revellers to leave,” he says.

“After Pit Stop, I relocate to Nile Cheers Wine and Spirits on Lubas Road, mainly patronised by senior UPDF officers,” he adds.
Urban Knight in Bugembe Town sits above NWSC offices, and gets busier with the lockdown. Here, the patrons are perched on stools, drinking the night away while others play pool or watch TV from a giant projector screen in an adjacent room.

While the revellers, waiters and waitresses will not let out the owner, the hideaway has never crumbled under the weight of the lockdown.

But a waitress said one evening last month, when police officers arrived unannounced at their bar, fear gripped them, fearing they would all be arrested, only for the manager to step out, speak to the group and business continued, but with the music turned low.

The security guard at the basement said the bar remains open under the guise of running a lodge; one of the hospitality amenities recently given the nod by President Museveni to operate.

Similarly, in Soroti City, the bars have barely kept abreast with the presidential directive since the lockdown was announced in March 2020. The hideouts have accommodated revellers indoors, although a few got arrested but were later released.

On Solot Avenue, more than nine bars have continued to operate in full glare of security, while at Old Mbale Road, Kenwood and Paradise Vila have pursued business unhindered.

The picture is pretty similar in Pamba, Nakatunya, Camp Swhahili, Otucopi, Moruapesur, and Kichinjaji on the fringes of Soroti where the joints have not shut doors.

Security operations
Patrick Okumu, the Soroti Resident District Commissioner (RDC), says they have stepped up patrols against bar owners who operate despite the ban. He named police and army officers among those caught violating the guidelines at Thunder Club on School Road in Soroti Town.
“The directive is very clear and that is no bar or nightclub should operate; this we shall enforce with strict adherence to the President’s directive,” Okumu says.
Okumu says errant officers in the security forces are aiding the bars to operate. 
He said those arrested will face the consequences.

Mbarara City
In Mbarara, many bars and nightclubs closed following the presidential directive, but a few kept open under the pretext of selling food.
Those that have remained open include City Bar, Rwampara Suites, Stump Bar, and Leisure Park, with owners linked to top security operatives who frequent the bars. 
Rwampara Suites also has strong ties with top politicians in Mbarara City, who also hang out there.
The bars and nightclubs are located at Tataitwe on Mosque Road opposite former Kakoba Division headquarters in the current Mbarara City South Division.
Rwampara Suites and Leisure Park camouflage as hotels, but boast of bars too, which run beyond midnight in full glare of security operatives, with some seen casually pacing around the premises as people indulge in the bar.
Rwampara Suites and Leisure Park were on July 31 last year closed with several other hotels, only to be reopened a few days later and have since remained operational.
Earlier, James Mwesigye, the Mbarara RDC, vowed to crackdown on bars that have refused to honour the presidential directives on Covid-19, but nothing has happened.
In November last year, the Uganda Association of Bar owners petitioned government for their reopening, outlining the losses they had incurred over time.

Gulu City

In Gulu, the city bus terminal was singled out as one place where revelers drink until daybreak without interference.
The terminal, built at an estimated Shs1.4b, sits on 1.3 acres of land in the heart of Gulu City and can park up to 20 buses.

The facility, flagged off last December by Gen Salim Saleh, the coordinator of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) programme, thrives on bar operation, but security personnel on night patrol never stray in even as loud music blares late into the night.

One of the night event’s organisers said they usually spot the security bosses and tip them to avoid disruption of their nightly businesses.

“Once we pay the officers, they instruct their teams not to interfere and sometimes, they assign one of their members in plain cloths to remind us to tone down the volume once their team is approaching,” he says.
Wine Garage, a famous night club just under 500 metres from Gulu Central Police Station, is another joint that keeps open as is its neighbour, Orupu Estates Ltd.

Both facilities, co-owned by Gulu-based lawyers, are usually filled to capacity during weekends.

Other hangouts that have only dimmed their night lights are Da Covenant Bar and Grill, Northern Pearls Ltd, Indoors Longue, and The Password Longue. In neighbouring Omoro, sprawls Kweyo Village Shoppers at Kweyo Village, Abuga Sub-county, guests here are served under the night sky.

Compiled by Philip Wafula, Felix Ainebyoona, Rajab Mukombozi, Tausi Nakato, David Awori, Fred Wambede, Simon Peter Emwamu, Polycap Kalokwera, Tobbias Jolly Owiny & Yahudu Kitunzi






Munsi ya Uganda, Abeebyokwerinda e Masaka bayodde abavubuka 250 mu bikwekweto okubateeka mumakommera:
Ate nga ne kirwadde kya COVID19 mubiseera bino kyeyongedde okusitula amakanda mu makommera ga Uganda:
5 June, 2021
By Uganda NewVision Journalist @NewVision
and Tonny Kalyango

Kigambibwa nti bano babadde basula mu kirindi nga benyigira ne mu mirimu egitategeerekeka ekibadde kireese obutali butebenkevu mu bitundu.

Ebikwekweto bino biyindidde mu byalo okuli; Kirumba A, B, Kasijjagirwa ne Kigamba mu kibuga Masaka nga bikulembeddwa RCC Fred Bamwine.

Abavubuka bano abagambibwa okuleetebwa kkampuni ya Superlife nga basuubiziddwa emirimu ng’okukola mu Supermarket n’okutunda ebintu kyokka ne batagifuna ne batandika okutayaaya nga benyigira mu bumenyi bw’amateeka.



Abamu Ku Bavubuka Abaakwatiddwa Nga Bali Ku Poliisi.


Bano oluvannyuma lw’okuyoolebwa ne batwalibwa ku poliisi e Masaka bategeezezza nti baggyibwa mu disitulikiti okuli Kyenjojo, Ntungamo n’endala nga baggyibwako ssente eziri wakati we mitwalo 30-50 nga balina okutembeeya eddagala olwo ne babalagira okuyita bannaabwe nga bwe babasasula.


Abantu ba Uganda nga basimbye kumu kumu okufuna vaccination ya COVID19 okusinga okukwatibwa nebatwalibwa nebajjula mumakommera!


Rose Nabukeera Ssentebe wa Kimaanya B agamba nti baludde nga beemulugunya ku bantu bano abayiika mu kitundu kyabwe nga beenyigira mu bubbi okutabula amaka n’okutayaaya obudde bwonna akibatadde ku bunkenke mu kiseera kino ng’ ekirwadde kya COVID 19 kisitudde enkundi.

Yayongeddeko nti bano abaakwatiddwa katundu ku bavubuka abali mu kitundu kye ng’ abawala n’abalenzi musanvu ku kkumi be basula mu nju emu.


Ssentebe alinga atakimanyi nti abantu bakirizibwa okutambula nga bakola emirimu gyabwe mubitundu bya Uganda. Ate era ensi Uganda erina eddagala(COVID19 vaccination) okusobola okutaasa ekirwadde kino eri abantu ba Uganda. Kyo kyelarigiriza, abakungu abalina obuvunanyizibwa kuddagala eriri munsi ya Uganda okuliwa buli muntu yenna kasita asasula ensimbi zebagala. Bo nebegyako omulimu omukulu enyo ogulabirila nokugaba eddagala ogwa Pharmacy.






The African country of Malawi has rejected the World Health Organization's call to use expired COVID-19 vaccine:


Written by VOA



FILE - A man prepares to receive a jab of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, at Ndirande Health Centre in Blantyre, Malawi


Malawi's government says it will go ahead with plans to destroy thousands of expired COVID-19 vaccine doses, despite calls from the World Health Organization (WHO) and Africa Centre for Disease Control (CDC) not to destroy them.

The WHO and Africa CDC this week urged African countries not to destroy COVID-19 vaccines that may have passed their expiration dates, saying they are still safe to use. However, Malawi's government says the appeals have come too late to prevent the destruction of thousands of doses of expired COVID vaccines.

Officials said the 16,440 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine that expired April 13 have already been removed from cold storage. On Thursday, the WHO and the Africa CDC had urged African countries not to destroy the vaccine that may have expired, saying it is still usable.  
“And it’s also a requirement that every vile manufactured, has an expiry date beyond which it cannot be used," said Dr. Charles Mwansambo, Malawi’s secretary for health.

"In this case, we cannot proceed to use these because the vial clearly states the expiry date. And any doctor, any physician would not be forgiven in the event of anything happening after knowingly used a vial that is clearly having labeled as having expired.”

The expired vaccine is part of the 102,000-dose donation the country received in March from the African Union. Malawi and South Sudan earlier announced plans to destroy about 70,000 doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine that expired last month. The expired were donated by African telecom giant, MTN.
Mwansambo also said using the expired vaccine would scare people from taking the jabs from the remaining stock.  
“If we leave or store these expired vaccines that will be big blow to our vaccination drive people will not come. Now even though we are not using them people have been hesitant to come because they feel that we might be given the expired vaccines,” he said.
Mwansambo said the country may be considering extending the shelf life of the remaining stock of vaccine received through the COVAX facility and from the Indian government that expires in June and July.
George Jobe, the executive director for the Malawi Health Equity Network, said using the expired COVID-19 vaccine would create a negative attitude in people.
“We can have phobia from Malawians which we should not. If the [expired] vaccines are safe, the CDC can take the expired vaccines, or WHO, and donate to the developed countries. But we have to witness the day the vaccines are leaving Malawi.”   
Mwansambo said destroying the expired vaccine is in line with Malawi government guidelines on expired pharmaceutical products. He said the government will soon announce the date when it will publicly destroy the expired vaccine in Malawi’s capital, Lilongwe.


Well then the government of Malawi should load up the expired COVID19 vaccine and take it back to the manufacturers as soon as possible.

Since it is not as dangerous as anticipated, well the technology that made the drug should be able to upgrade it or to recycle it.

One understands that even the coming year of 2022, the world population will continue to receive another vaccine antiviral treatment of this dangerous flu plague.
Africa presently has got into this sort of habit of lamenting world conspiracy against this continent.

Watch out for the immense corruption that is being done by Africans against Africans. The medical elites of the African Union and the Malawi medical administrators never sat down to sort out exactly how much vaccine should initially be exported into the country of Malawi.

If Malawi required a million tubes of vaccines, about quarter should have been exported first. So that the Malawi medical administration system could try to start the slow process of vaccination.

Afterwards, a new staff meeting could sit down and make the next move. It is only about 8 hours of airways flight to import a new up to date COVID19 vaccine form abroad manufacturers.
Malawi administration should now pay up for the destruction of such expensive drugs that have gone to waste.

It seems that the manufacturers of this vaccine have so far done a great job of making a flu vaccine to try and save many lives.

If Malawi is unable to compete in these hard times and instead of saving its population from this epidemic they are instead destroying the drug well what can one say?






The pandemic of COVID-19 has forced the government of Uganda to ban spitting in public:

8 April, 2020

Written by Robert Spin Mukasa

Motor cycling in public in the city of Kampala, Uganda


To slow the march of the fastspreading novel coronavirus, President Museveni issued about 15 grim orders within days in March and the line minister of Health followed with the issuance of the enabling Public Health (Control of COVID-19) Rules, 2020, which outlaw among other things; public spitting and prescribe jail terms for offenders.

“No person shall spit in any public building or in any place to which the public has access,” reads subrule 10 of the statutory instrument supplement published in The Uganda Gazette No. 19, Volume CXIII, on March 24, 2020.

To control public gatherings and meetings, the rules stipulate that –schools, institutions of higher learning, prayers in churches and mosques and open air prayers, marriage ceremonies, wedding parties, vigils and funerals public meetings, including political rallies, indoor and outdoor concerts and sports events are off limits until April 20.

“Where a place or premises specified in subrule (1) is open contrary to the provision or where any activity, event, meeting or gathering specified in subrule (1) is held contrary to the provision, the person in charge of the place or the event, meeting or gathering, as the case may be, commits an offence, and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a period not exceeding two months.”

Arrests of errant bar owners and church leaders including Fr Deogratious Kiibi Kateregga have been made but none has been arraigned in court on any charge. Fr Kiibi was arrested in the central district of Mpigi late last month while conducting mass in the presence of seven other people, according to police.

Escaping from isolation or quarantine also attracts a jail term of two months for anyone who helps a COVID-19 carrier to vanish. When a carrier escapes, a medical officer is supposed to notify the police “to apprehend and return the person to the designated place.”

“Any person who— aids a person who is confined in a place designated for isolation or for quarantine for COVID–19, in escaping or attempting to escape from the place; or conveys anything or causes anything to be conveyed into a place designated for isolation or quarantine for COVID–19 with intent to facilitate the escape of any person confined in the place, commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for two months.”

According to the rules, the minister of Health has powers to seal off an infected area.

“The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette and in a newspaper with a wide circulation in the infected area, declare any place to be an infected area, and regulate the activities that may be conducted in the infected area, where it is deemed necessary for preventing the spread of or for the eradication of COVID–19.

“And all persons residing in a declared infected area will be screened for the virus.”

It’s also mandatory for every owner, person in charge of, or occupier of premises, and every employer and head of a household, to report any suspected cases of COVID-19 on their premises or under their watch.


Interesting that this is a human revolution that is bent on stopping the natural functioning of planet earth.
Time will tell if these politicians will win it by locking in people indoors for months on end!
How can a young man living in a small rented unventilated room exercise himself into a sweat? God help him.
Nature is interesting and has been surviving for now over 100 million years.
This COVID19 might hibernate and avoid the killer lockdown practices. Afterwards, it will ovulate and make a terrible comeback with more devastating results.
That is why most probably it is much wiser to research a viable vaccine. A country like Uganda is miss guided to think that by locking people in doors for months or years will send this moleculer disease to hell.
Many citizens have been warning this government to upgrade the health services without any success.

And if such catastrophe as that one happening in Italy had happened in Uganda, millions of COVID 19 sufferers would be dead by now.

The World Toilet Day:

The lives of Indian sanitation workers is a good example indeed:

By Sudharak Olwe

19 November 2019

The work, often in appalling conditions, is reserved for Scheduled Castes, officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged communities that live on the fringes of society.

And their lives remain substantially unchanged despite India's overall economic, social and technological advancements.

Olwe's most recent photographs, commissioned by WaterAid, are shown as part of UN World Toilet Day 2019.

A close up of the legs of sanitation workers with a broom
Sanitation Workers in Panna, India

"Manual scavengers" from the Valmiki community remove excrement by hand from dry latrines in Amanganj, Panna, Madhya Pradesh.

Amanganj Sanitation Workers in Panna at night

Betibai Valmiki says: "We are not allowed to drink tea in any restaurant here.

"Even if we go to one small tea-shop, we are served in disposable plastic glasses while others are served in regular tumblers."

Most of the women have asthma and malaria - but there is no healthcare and their wages are docked if they call in sick.

42-year-old Mukeshdevi, a woman manual scavenger, with her husband Sukhraj , mother in-law, five children and two grandchildren in Meerut's Bhagwatpura, India

Mukeshdevi, 42, pictured with her husband, Sukhraj, mother in-law, five children and two grandchildren, in Bhagwat Pura, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, earns 2,000 rupees (£20) a month.

Mukeshdevi veils her face and hair with her dupatta

"What other option do we have?" she asks.

"Even if we open a shop, no-one would buy from us because we are Valmikis."

Sanitation workers in Amanganj in Panna district, India

Santosh works in Amanganj with his wife and two sons.

In 1992, he nearly drowned cleaning a septic tank with colleagues, one of whom died.

It was much deeper than they had been told.

But despite his eyes being permanently damaged, he has never received any compensation.

Printed on the back of his jacket are the words "Being Human".

Sanitation workers, Geeta Mattu, Sashi Balmeek and Raju Dumar, in Panna District, India.

In Agra Mohalla, Panna Geeta Mattu, Sashi Balmeek and Raju Dumar work every day from 05:00 to 13:00 for 7,000 rupees a month.

In Agra Mohalla in Panna District, Geeta Mattu finds a dying injured cow near an open garbage point.

"There is hardly any respect in it," Geeta says.

"We are treated so badly. It's such a thankless job."

People of the Dom community

In April last year, the Dom community on the outskirts of Thillai Gaon, Bihar, lost 10 houses and most of their cattle in a fire.

They work in nearby Sasaram but, having lost their ID and ration cards, received no help or compensation.

Meenadevi, from the Dom community, cleans dry latrines in a Muslim neighbourhood

Meenadevi, 58, carries excrement from a Muslim neighbourhood in Rohtas.

She started working as a manual scavenger 25 years ago with her mother-in-law.

"Initially, I used to feel nauseated," she says.

"I wasn't ready and felt ashamed to work because of the stigma attached to it.

"But now I'm used to the foul smells.

"Poverty leaves you with no option.

Meenadevi, from the Dom community, cleans dry latrines in a Muslim neighbourhood in Bihar's Rohtas district.

"My mother-in-law died doing this job.

"She used to carry the sewage in tin cans. I did the same.

"Now, we don't use tin cans. Nonetheless, the same fate awaits me,"

All photographs copyright Sudharak Olwe and WaterAid






Wano e Buganda, Mukoka wa namuttika wenkuba, asse omukadde omutuuze we Kaliisizo:

By John Bosco Mulyowa


Added 11th November 2019


Paska 703x422

Omulambo gwa Nakkazi (mu katono) nga gutwalibwa mu ddwaaliro.


Ekikangabwa kibuutikidde abatuuze ku kyalo Kaliisizo South  mu Kalisizo Town Council mu disitulikiti y'e Kyotera, omukyala abadde asala oluguudo bwagudde mu mwala ogubadde gutwaaala mukoka ne gamukuluggusa olugendo lwa mayiro nnamba mwafiiridde.

Kino kivudde ku Namutikwa w'enkuba atonnye emisana g'aleero mu kitundu kino era enkuba eno esanze omukyala ono Paskazia Nassali 60,  abadde yakedde mu nnimiro n'abaana be babiri era enkuba bwetonnye naasalawo okuddukira mu nkuba eno atuuke ewaka asobole okulembeka amazzi.

Ageenze okutuuka ku luguudo lwa kkoolasi oluva e Kalisizo okudda e Kyotera asanze mukoka asazeeko oluguudo lwonna era mukugezaako okusala mu mukoka ono amazzi gamusinzizza amaanyi ne gamukuba ekiggwo ne gamukuluggusa okumutuusa mu lusaaalu omulambo gye gusaangiddwa!


 benganda za assali nga baazirana olwokufiirwa omuntu waabwe Ab'enganda za Nassali nga baazirana olw'okufiirwa omuntu waabwe.


Abatuuze nga bakulembeddwaamu Ssentebe w'ekyaalo kino Abas Sseruwagi batandise omuyiggo ne bazuula omulambo mu lusaalu n ebagusitula okutuuka mu makage ku  , ng'eno poliisi abadde edduumirwa OC Innocent Tusiime  egenze okutuuka gye basaangidde ne baggyako omulambo guno ogubadde gumaze okutuusibwa mu nnyumba ye ne gutwala okusobola okusooka okufuna lipooti yomusawo mu ddwaaaliro e Kalisizo  noluvanyuma guddiziddwa abooluganda okusobola okugutwala okukola ku by'okuziika ku kyaalo Matale okumpi n'e Kaliisizo.

Abantu ab'enjawulo aboogeddeko ne Bukedde  ku kikangabwa kino balaze ennyiike olw'embeera y'emikutu egitaambuza amazzi ku luguudo mwasanjala luno oluva e Masaka okudda e Kyotera ng'emikutu gyazibikira kati mukoka ayita ku kkolaasi ekintu ekyongera okuteeka obulamu bw'abaantu mu matigga nga noono waafiiridde wazze waggwaawo obubenje nga kiva ku mukoka ayanjaalira mu luguudo.


Gino gyemirimu gya bakulembeze be byaalo gyebalina okuwandiikako nga bwebamanyi ebyalo byabwe. Singa baawandiikira dda kubakozi bamakubo kunsonga eno nobulabe obujirimu. Era wano e Buganda kyetuyita bulungi bwansi. Kubanga wakiri abakulembeze bano okukunganya abatuuze nebagenda nga bagogola emyaala gino ngabwebaba basobode. Kubanga nammwe mulaba yo Police nga governmenti, ekikangambwa nga kino mugilaba bulungi nga yo kilabika kyemanyi kusikayo file kuwandiika nakusaba sente zamafuta ga motoka zaabwe. Kiwede.






Africa's booming cities face severe toilet crisis:

Written by VOA


Head of the School of Motherlove Infants, Faridah Hussein Lwanga, displays Sanpants, technology used in toilets to reduce smell

Head of the School of Motherlove Infants,


Faridah Hussein Lwanga, displays Sanpants, technology used in toilets to reduce smell

MAKINDYE-LUKULI — The darkening clouds are ominous for many in this urban neighborhood, promising rushing rainwaters stinking of human waste from overflowing septic tanks. 
As Africa faces a population boom unmatched anywhere else in the world, millions of people are moving to fast-growing cities while decades-old public facilities crumble under the pressure. Sewage is a scourge for residents of this community on the outskirts of Uganda's capital, Kampala. There are no public toilets for 1,200 people. Mud tinged with faeces washes into homes during heavy rains. 
The sanitation crisis echoes that of cities across the developing world. Some 2.5 billion people, most of them in Africa or Asia, lack access to adequate toilets, U.N. figures show. Governments are increasingly depending on private businesses and philanthropic groups to help manage human waste in cities that were never planned to handle so many people.  

One of the fastest-growing cities in the world, Kampala is home to at least 1.5 million people, but authorities say over 3 million pass through daily, usually for work. Yet there are fewer than 800 pay toilets and only 14 free ones, many of them dilapidated with walls often smeared with feces.

Many people rush to shopping malls to relieve themselves. Even in the buildings of government agencies the toilets are often kept under lock and key, apparently to discourage intruders.  
Kampala's urban sewer system covers less than 10 percent of the population, authorities say. When pit latrines and septic tanks are not safely built, they pose a serious health risk. They leak fecal waste that contaminates swamps and Lake Victoria, the city's main water source, especially during the rainy season. 
"Less than 50 percent of the fecal sludge generated in Kampala safely reaches a waste treatment plant," said Angelo Kwitonda, a sewage engineer with the government. "The rest of the volume is kept in our homes." 
Outbreaks of cholera and other waterborne diseases are common. 

Huge costs
Poor sanitation costs Uganda $177 million annually in economic losses linked to disease treatment and lost productivity as people search for places to relieve themselves, according to a World Bank report in 2012. Some 650,000 toilets need to be built to avoid open defecation, it said. 
It could get worse. Africa's urban areas contain 472 million people, a number that is expected to double over the next 25 years, according to a 2017 World Bank report .  
"The problem of sanitation is very big, so we have had to prioritize," said Najib Bateganya, a Kampala sanitation official who said authorities have been focusing first on improving sanitation in public schools.  
"The next model is going to focus on entrepreneurship, toilets as business," he said. 
Authorities in Kampala have not constructed a single public toilet for years, though a plan exists to set up 200 toilets by 2025 with the support of donors such as the German development agency GIZ. Private companies have been trying out solutions in poor, crowded neighborhoods such as Makindye-Lukuli, where trash piles up around tin-roofed homes. 
A sanitation program backed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation focuses on emptying septic tanks in households not easily reached by vacuum trucks, which are privately operated.  
Using a tool resembling a giant syringe, men in safety suits pump fecal waste into drums that are emptied into a movable tank, for a tiny fraction of the roughly $50 that would be paid to a vacuum truck operator.  

'We must be vigilant'
"Whenever it rains, always the unclean places suffer from cholera, so we must be vigilant," said village chairman Stephen Semanda, who encourages residents to report on each other under the new system. Residents receive a meter-long stick that they dip into their toilets.  
If "it comes out with anything on it, it means the toilet is now harmful to you," he said. That's when a so-called "gulper" should be called in to pump.