The World Toilet Day:

The lives of Indian sanitation workers is a good example indeed:

By Sudharak Olwe

19 November 2019


Sudharak Olwe has been documenting the lives of Mumbai's sanitation workers for about two decades.

The work, often in appalling conditions, is reserved for Scheduled Castes, officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged communities that live on the fringes of society.

And their lives remain substantially unchanged despite India's overall economic, social and technological advancements.

Olwe's most recent photographs, commissioned by WaterAid, are shown as part of UN World Toilet Day 2019.

A close up of the legs of sanitation workers with a broom
Sanitation Workers in Panna, India

"Manual scavengers" from the Valmiki community remove excrement by hand from dry latrines in Amanganj, Panna, Madhya Pradesh.

Amanganj Sanitation Workers in Panna at night

Betibai Valmiki says: "We are not allowed to drink tea in any restaurant here.

"Even if we go to one small tea-shop, we are served in disposable plastic glasses while others are served in regular tumblers."

Most of the women have asthma and malaria - but there is no healthcare and their wages are docked if they call in sick.

42-year-old Mukeshdevi, a woman manual scavenger, with her husband Sukhraj , mother in-law, five children and two grandchildren in Meerut's Bhagwatpura, India

Mukeshdevi, 42, pictured with her husband, Sukhraj, mother in-law, five children and two grandchildren, in Bhagwat Pura, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, earns 2,000 rupees (£20) a month.

Mukeshdevi veils her face and hair with her dupatta

"What other option do we have?" she asks.

"Even if we open a shop, no-one would buy from us because we are Valmikis."

Sanitation workers in Amanganj in Panna district, India

Santosh works in Amanganj with his wife and two sons.

In 1992, he nearly drowned cleaning a septic tank with colleagues, one of whom died.

It was much deeper than they had been told.

But despite his eyes being permanently damaged, he has never received any compensation.

Printed on the back of his jacket are the words "Being Human".

Sanitation workers, Geeta Mattu, Sashi Balmeek and Raju Dumar, in Panna District, India.

In Agra Mohalla, Panna Geeta Mattu, Sashi Balmeek and Raju Dumar work every day from 05:00 to 13:00 for 7,000 rupees a month.

In Agra Mohalla in Panna District, Geeta Mattu finds a dying injured cow near an open garbage point.

"There is hardly any respect in it," Geeta says.

"We are treated so badly. It's such a thankless job."

People of the Dom community

In April last year, the Dom community on the outskirts of Thillai Gaon, Bihar, lost 10 houses and most of their cattle in a fire.

They work in nearby Sasaram but, having lost their ID and ration cards, received no help or compensation.

Meenadevi, from the Dom community, cleans dry latrines in a Muslim neighbourhood

Meenadevi, 58, carries excrement from a Muslim neighbourhood in Rohtas.

She started working as a manual scavenger 25 years ago with her mother-in-law.

"Initially, I used to feel nauseated," she says.

"I wasn't ready and felt ashamed to work because of the stigma attached to it.

"But now I'm used to the foul smells.

"Poverty leaves you with no option.

Meenadevi, from the Dom community, cleans dry latrines in a Muslim neighbourhood in Bihar's Rohtas district.

"My mother-in-law died doing this job.

"She used to carry the sewage in tin cans. I did the same.

"Now, we don't use tin cans. Nonetheless, the same fate awaits me,"

All photographs copyright Sudharak Olwe and WaterAid






Wano e Buganda, Mukoka wa namuttika wenkuba, asse omukadde omutuuze we Kaliisizo:

By John Bosco Mulyowa


Added 11th November 2019


Paska 703x422

Omulambo gwa Nakkazi (mu katono) nga gutwalibwa mu ddwaaliro.


Ekikangabwa kibuutikidde abatuuze ku kyalo Kaliisizo South  mu Kalisizo Town Council mu disitulikiti y'e Kyotera, omukyala abadde asala oluguudo bwagudde mu mwala ogubadde gutwaaala mukoka ne gamukuluggusa olugendo lwa mayiro nnamba mwafiiridde.

Kino kivudde ku Namutikwa w'enkuba atonnye emisana g'aleero mu kitundu kino era enkuba eno esanze omukyala ono Paskazia Nassali 60,  abadde yakedde mu nnimiro n'abaana be babiri era enkuba bwetonnye naasalawo okuddukira mu nkuba eno atuuke ewaka asobole okulembeka amazzi.

Ageenze okutuuka ku luguudo lwa kkoolasi oluva e Kalisizo okudda e Kyotera asanze mukoka asazeeko oluguudo lwonna era mukugezaako okusala mu mukoka ono amazzi gamusinzizza amaanyi ne gamukuba ekiggwo ne gamukuluggusa okumutuusa mu lusaaalu omulambo gye gusaangiddwa!


 benganda za assali nga baazirana olwokufiirwa omuntu waabwe Ab'enganda za Nassali nga baazirana olw'okufiirwa omuntu waabwe.


Abatuuze nga bakulembeddwaamu Ssentebe w'ekyaalo kino Abas Sseruwagi batandise omuyiggo ne bazuula omulambo mu lusaalu n ebagusitula okutuuka mu makage ku  , ng'eno poliisi abadde edduumirwa OC Innocent Tusiime  egenze okutuuka gye basaangidde ne baggyako omulambo guno ogubadde gumaze okutuusibwa mu nnyumba ye ne gutwala okusobola okusooka okufuna lipooti yomusawo mu ddwaaaliro e Kalisizo  noluvanyuma guddiziddwa abooluganda okusobola okugutwala okukola ku by'okuziika ku kyaalo Matale okumpi n'e Kaliisizo.

Abantu ab'enjawulo aboogeddeko ne Bukedde  ku kikangabwa kino balaze ennyiike olw'embeera y'emikutu egitaambuza amazzi ku luguudo mwasanjala luno oluva e Masaka okudda e Kyotera ng'emikutu gyazibikira kati mukoka ayita ku kkolaasi ekintu ekyongera okuteeka obulamu bw'abaantu mu matigga nga noono waafiiridde wazze waggwaawo obubenje nga kiva ku mukoka ayanjaalira mu luguudo.


Gino gyemirimu gya bakulembeze be byaalo gyebalina okuwandiikako nga bwebamanyi ebyalo byabwe. Singa baawandiikira dda kubakozi bamakubo kunsonga eno nobulabe obujirimu. Era wano e Buganda kyetuyita bulungi bwansi. Kubanga wakiri abakulembeze bano okukunganya abatuuze nebagenda nga bagogola emyaala gino ngabwebaba basobode. Kubanga nammwe mulaba yo Police nga governmenti, ekikangambwa nga kino mugilaba bulungi nga yo kilabika kyemanyi kusikayo file kuwandiika nakusaba sente zamafuta ga motoka zaabwe. Kiwede.






Africa's booming cities face severe toilet crisis:

Written by VOA


Head of the School of Motherlove Infants, Faridah Hussein Lwanga, displays Sanpants, technology used in toilets to reduce smell

Head of the School of Motherlove Infants,


Faridah Hussein Lwanga, displays Sanpants, technology used in toilets to reduce smell

MAKINDYE-LUKULI — The darkening clouds are ominous for many in this urban neighborhood, promising rushing rainwaters stinking of human waste from overflowing septic tanks. 
As Africa faces a population boom unmatched anywhere else in the world, millions of people are moving to fast-growing cities while decades-old public facilities crumble under the pressure. Sewage is a scourge for residents of this community on the outskirts of Uganda's capital, Kampala. There are no public toilets for 1,200 people. Mud tinged with faeces washes into homes during heavy rains. 
The sanitation crisis echoes that of cities across the developing world. Some 2.5 billion people, most of them in Africa or Asia, lack access to adequate toilets, U.N. figures show. Governments are increasingly depending on private businesses and philanthropic groups to help manage human waste in cities that were never planned to handle so many people.  

One of the fastest-growing cities in the world, Kampala is home to at least 1.5 million people, but authorities say over 3 million pass through daily, usually for work. Yet there are fewer than 800 pay toilets and only 14 free ones, many of them dilapidated with walls often smeared with feces.

Many people rush to shopping malls to relieve themselves. Even in the buildings of government agencies the toilets are often kept under lock and key, apparently to discourage intruders.  
Kampala's urban sewer system covers less than 10 percent of the population, authorities say. When pit latrines and septic tanks are not safely built, they pose a serious health risk. They leak fecal waste that contaminates swamps and Lake Victoria, the city's main water source, especially during the rainy season. 
"Less than 50 percent of the fecal sludge generated in Kampala safely reaches a waste treatment plant," said Angelo Kwitonda, a sewage engineer with the government. "The rest of the volume is kept in our homes." 
Outbreaks of cholera and other waterborne diseases are common. 

Huge costs
Poor sanitation costs Uganda $177 million annually in economic losses linked to disease treatment and lost productivity as people search for places to relieve themselves, according to a World Bank report in 2012. Some 650,000 toilets need to be built to avoid open defecation, it said. 
It could get worse. Africa's urban areas contain 472 million people, a number that is expected to double over the next 25 years, according to a 2017 World Bank report .  
"The problem of sanitation is very big, so we have had to prioritize," said Najib Bateganya, a Kampala sanitation official who said authorities have been focusing first on improving sanitation in public schools.  
"The next model is going to focus on entrepreneurship, toilets as business," he said. 
Authorities in Kampala have not constructed a single public toilet for years, though a plan exists to set up 200 toilets by 2025 with the support of donors such as the German development agency GIZ. Private companies have been trying out solutions in poor, crowded neighborhoods such as Makindye-Lukuli, where trash piles up around tin-roofed homes. 
A sanitation program backed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation focuses on emptying septic tanks in households not easily reached by vacuum trucks, which are privately operated.  
Using a tool resembling a giant syringe, men in safety suits pump fecal waste into drums that are emptied into a movable tank, for a tiny fraction of the roughly $50 that would be paid to a vacuum truck operator.  

'We must be vigilant'
"Whenever it rains, always the unclean places suffer from cholera, so we must be vigilant," said village chairman Stephen Semanda, who encourages residents to report on each other under the new system. Residents receive a meter-long stick that they dip into their toilets.  
If "it comes out with anything on it, it means the toilet is now harmful to you," he said. That's when a so-called "gulper" should be called in to pump.