Muha-kanizi on spot over Shs90b farmers cash 

 By Yasiin Mugerwa

Posted  Monday, September 29  2014

The Secretary to the Treasury, Mr Keith Muhakanizi who kept calling himself “ born again Christian” was today pushed on the wall and forced to apologise for the “inefficiencies” in the running of a Shs 90 billion facility meant for helping the poor farmers access cheap credit.

The Parliament’s Public Accounts Committee noted “gross inefficiencies, conflict of interest and lack of supervision of the funds” on the part of Bank of Uganda and Ministry of Finance. Because of lack of supervision, PAC Chairperson Ms Alice Alaso said, the money has gone to the well-off farmers at the expense of the poor farmers and written off more than Shs499 million in bad debts.

On December 3 2009, the Governor Bank of Uganda Prof Emmanuel Mutebile wrote to Ministry of Finance, saying that Bank of Uganda could not monitor the implementation and evaluation of the facility, citing conflict of interest however to date, Mr Muhakanizi had not taken action. The ST apologised for “inefficiency” saying “he is also human”.

The committee expressed concerns about the possible risk to the funds and ordered Muhakanizi to streamline the monitoring of the scheme within one month. Officials from BoU told the committee that they signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Ministry of Finance and clearly STATED that monitoring of the agriculture credit facility will not be their mandate.

Mr Muhakanizi returns to PAC next week.


Taata Omusoga ava e Iganga ate nga mulema oluusi antuma okumugulira bamalaaya wano mu Kampala:

By Lawrence Kitatta

Added 21st September 2016

Nzuukuka ku makya ng’obudde tebunnakya ne tutegula ebikunta oluvannyuma taata bw’aba yeetewuulizzaako mu kaveera nkakwata ne nkasuula mu kipipa kya Kcca ekiri e busukkakkubo. kyokka oluguudo ndusala mmagamaga emmotoka zireme kunkoona.


Nakasango ng’asindika kitaawe bagenda okusabiriza ssente.


Emboozi ye yaginyumirizza DAPHINE SEMAKULA NE LAWRENCE KITATTA

bw’ati:

Nzuukuka ku makya ng’obudde tebunnakya ne tutegula ebikunta oluvannyuma taata bw’aba yeetewuulizzaako mu kaveera nkakwata ne nkasuula mu kipipa kya Kcca ekiri e busukkakkubo. kyokka oluguudo ndusala mmagamaga emmotoka zireme kunkoona.

Bwe tuba twasuze n’amazzi tunaabako mu maaso era tunywako oluusi ne njolekera Kiswa gye nsoma mu P1.

Taata eyandibadde ampa ssente za bodaboda okuntwala ku ssomero ate nze mba nnina okumusindika ku kagaali nga tuva e Lugogo we tusula ku mulyango gwa GTZ.

Olumu ku ssomero anzigyayo ssaawa 4:00 ne tugenda ku kkubo gye tusabiriza. Olumu nsoma naye olulala nnemererwa.

Olusoma oluwedde nakola ebibuuzo era okuva olwo saaddayo kusoma. Buli lunaku tuzunga ekibuga kumpi okukimalako ne mpulira nga n’obugere bunfuuyirira.

Kasango ng’azingako akaveera akakola nga bulangiti e Lugogo okumpi ne siteegi ya New Vision, we basula ate Nakasango nga yeetereza batandike olugendo lw’okubuna ekibuga nga basabiriza.


Naye taata bw’atuuka ku kaserengeto olwo ng’anteeka mu maaso ng’akagaali kayiringita. Taata yangamba nti maama wange ye Nasim Namulondo abeera Iganga era gye yanzigya okundeeta e Kampala okutandika okusabiriza ku luguudo.

Enkuba bw’etonnya mu budde obw’ekiro olwo ne tuyimirira ku lubalaza we tusula olumu n’okutukuba etukuba naddala ng’erimu kibuyaga.

Obudde buli lwe buziba mba mu kweraliikirira. Taata oyo talina nsonyi antuma okumuyitira bamalaaya ekiro!

Omanyi bwe tuba twebase nsula ku ludda kw’assa ebigere wabula olumu ngenda okusisimuka nga mpulira anninnya mu maaso, ngenda okulaba nga mukazi.

Olumu mpulira n’amaloboozi ekiro naye nga sirina kyakukola. Bw’aleeta bamalaaya nga sinneebaka olwo nsituka busitusi ne ntuula ku kkubo mu kayumba ka siteegi ya New Vision okutuusa lwe bamaliriza naye ate olumu nneekanga nsuze awo. Olumu antuma e Nakawa ngule sooda.

Wano nga beetegeka okugenda.


TAATA YANZIBA AWAKA

Bwe yali yaakandeeta okunzigya mu kyalo ng’annyambaza nnyo engoye z’abalenzi nga tayagala bamulaba kumanya nti ndi muwala naye kati nange nnyambala ngoye z’abawala.

Nzijukira nali mbeera ne maama wange ne jjajja, twali tuzannya ne baganda bange be twabeeranga nabo awaka, abakulu tebaaliwo kw’olwo taata yajja awaka n’anzibawo n’antwala ewa jjajja omulala.

Ono kirabika ye maama we amuzaala wabula nga naye saamwetegereza bulungi era simumanyi. Taata bwe yawulira nti gye yanzigya baali batandise okunnoonya kwe kunzigyayo n’andeeta e Kampala.

Kye nzijukira twatuuka kiro era ekkubo eryatuleeta sirimanyi naye angamba nti ewaffe Iganga we wali ekyalo kyaffe.

Wabula okuva lwe natandika okubeera ne taata embeera tebeerangako nnyangu kuba ennaku ezisinga tusiibirira capati n’amazzi emmere tugirya lumu na lumu ate tugirya Kataza Bugoloobi kuba we wali eya layisi gy’asobola okugula.



Eno ku 1500/- tufuna ebijanjaalo n’akawunga ate ennyama ya 3,000/- naye ennyama emirundi gye nnaakagiryako mbala mibale ate essowaani tugigabana.

Emirundi gye nnaakabula sigimanyi!

Taata oyo ayomba nnyo! Waliwo olunaku lwe sisobola kwerabira. Yasuula engatto ye gye saamanya naye n’anvuma olunaku lwonna.

Kino tekyamumalira yansindika ne ngwa ku kolaasi ne nnuubuka nga kw’agasse n’okunkuba nga bw’andaalika nga bw’ajja okuntuga ansuule ku kkubo.

Ekyo buli lwe nkirowoozaako mmubulako olwo n’atandika okunnoonya ng’alaga nti anjagala nnyo kyokka ng’ansuza mu mpewo buli lunaku.

Ekisinga okunnuma ssente azifuna ezisobola okupangisa ennyumba naye azigulamu bamalaaya olwo nze ne mbonaabona.

Bamalaaya abasausla 5,000/- buli kiro. Waliwo Omuzungu atuwa 50,000/- buli kiseera ate ono olumu amusaba 70,000/- naye ezisinga azimalira mu bamalaaya b’agula.

Nze bw’antwala ku ssomero tandekera ssente za buugi ate angamba nti talina wadde za yunifoomu. Wabula ez’ebigezo batusaba 8,000/- era yali tazirina naye omusomesa ku ssomero ye yannyamba ne mbituula.

  Nakasango ne kitaawe nga bava we basula.

NNOONYA MMANGE

Ekizibu ekiriwo gye nava simanyiiyo. Nsaba maama Nasim Namulondo ow’e Iganga ankime kuba nkooye okuba mu mbeera embi. Ebbanga lye nsuze ku kkubo mpulira nkooye.

Olumu mbeera awo ne nneebuuza oba olunaku lulikya ne nzirayo ewaffe ne mbeerako ne baganda bange. Kati taata namudduseeko era nsula ku mbalaza mu kibuga naye annoonya buli wamu w’ansuubira okuba naye saagala kumulaba.

Taata alina ekifaananyi kye yeekubisa nga tuli babiri. Kati akwata akagaali ne yeefuula atalaba era omulema ennyo nga bw’abuuza buli gw’asanze oba amulabiddeko ku muwala we.

Ekyandeetedde okumubulako yankubye n’okunvuma ng’agamba nti nja kukola bwamalaaya oba mu bbaala. Bwe twamaze okulya capati n’andagira okugenda okusuulayo ebisaaniiko mu kasasiro bwe nafunye oluwenda kwe kudduka.

Wabula waliwo abakyala okuli Aunt Mather, Jane bano bandabirirako bwe namuddukako omulundi ogwasooka singa basobola okunkima bajje bankime bantwale kuba bo balina empisa era bandabirira bulungi nnyo kuba baali bampa n’ebiteeteeyi n’engatto naye taata yabavuma n’anzigyayo,’’ Nakasango bw’alojja.

Wabula ku Mmande ya wiiki eno Nakasango yalabiddwaako ng’ali ne kitaawe ku Spear Motors ku Jinja Road ng’amusindika mu kagaali. Kirabika yamaze n’amuzuula.

Wano Kasango ng’ayomba n’ababodaboda ng’ali ku kagaali ne muwala we.


EMBEERA Z’OMUSAJJA ONO

MUSA Kasango mukambwe okukira ennumba. Akolima, muyombi ate awemula nnyo. Abamumanyi bagamba nti teyazaalibwa nga mulema wabula alina ekizimbe kye yali akolako e Lugogo n’ava waggulu n’amenyeka okugulu era okuva olwo n’atandika okutambuza omuggo.

Wabula ng’asobola bulungi okutambula n’omuggo nga tali mu kagaali, naye eno embeera agiteekawo basobole okumusaasira bamuwe ssente.

Abeera ne ssente eziwera era Nakasango agamba nti bagenda ne bagula eddagala mu ‘famasi’ buli lunaku bagula ‘air time’. Ate awuliriza nnyo ne leediyo era bw’oyita we basula aba agitaddeko.

Nakasango agamba nti n’olumu banaaba ku ttaapu e Luzira oba waggulu e Kololo. Kigambaibwa nti alina n’enju gy’apangisa e Iganga mu Busoga ejjudde ebintu era nga mu kiseera kino ekuumibwa landirodi ng’olw’olumu agenda n’asulayo.

Kyokka waliwo eyatubuulidde nti alina akati ke yalonda nga kali mu kasawo, kano k’alomberako dduwa era ke yeesiga ng’emmundu emmenye okumulwanira entalo. “Nze ndi mulema naye ndi mukambwe, ekyokulwanyisa kye nneesiga jjinja.

Nja kuliimisa omuvubuka oyo eyankubye ebifaananyi mmukube; bwe yeeweredde abaamawulire. Nakasango y’omu ku baana ng’amaka ge bamanyi gali ku nguudo kwe basula.

Tebamanyi kitanda wadde amasuuka, wabula amaloboozi g’emmotoka ezibayitako ku nguudo kwe basula ge gababeesabeesa okutuusa otulo lwe tubatwala.

Abaana bano abatamanyi bitanda abatasulangako mu nnyumba ye Uganda y’enkya.


    THE

OBJECTIVES 

 It is to develop the elderly of Africa, Uganda financially.


Secondly, it is to assist the needy and disabled.


Third, it is to humanely visit the sick and stressed.


Fourth it is to create financial projects for the needy to generate income for the elderly and young.




This organization has carried out such activities as:

Cake and bread baking.


Members have been involved in rural building construction and road making and repairs.


Members have been involved in decoration on functions.


Members have been involved in all means of assistance in burial ceremonies in the communities.



Ugandan workers less educated, poorly paid

Publish Date: Sep 22, 2014



A Ugandan worker is less educated and poorly paid.

By Samuel Sanya 


MOST working Ugandans are only educated up to secondary level, work for 10 years, six days a week and earn at least sh403 per hour according to a wages survey.


In the wage indicator survey, released recently, 1,306 Ugandans from all administrative regions were interviewed by the Federation of Uganda Employers (FUE) in conjunction with Dutch and Tanzanian researchers.


Conservative estimates place Uganda’s working population at 17 million. The average working week of respondents is almost 60 hours and they work six days per week.


Slightly over half (51%) work evenings, seven of 10 workers report working on Saturdays, while four of 10 work on Sundays.


Nearly half of the workers in the sample were managers. Only two of 10 workers had a permanent contract, three of 10 were on fixed term contract while four of 10 workers said they are entitled to social security.


Despite the low numbers entitled to pensions, respondents indicated having four dependants on average. The analysis showed that 77% of the workers were paid on or above the poverty line of sh403 per hour or $1.25 (about sh3,000) per day.


Five percent of workers had no formal education, 14% studied to primary education 48% had secondary education certificates, 16% had a college education and 17% a university degree. Only 62% of informal workers are paid above the poverty line compared to 97% of the most formal workers.


Workers in trade, transport and hospitality are most at risk of poverty with 30% paid less than a dollar a day. Public servants are best paid. At least 92% earned above the poverty line.


Labour State minister Rukutana Mwesigwa recently revealed that Cabinet is considering creation of a wage board and a minimum wage.


The Government last set a minimum wage of sh6,000 in 1984. In 1975, the Minimum Wage Advisory Council recommended a sh75,000 minimum monthly wage. It remains on paper.

Why are the poor citizens of Uganda receiving money that is accounted for as a national pension for the elderly of this country?

Photo by Fred Muzaale

By JOSEPH KATO


Posted  Tuesday, July 5   2016 

The Senior Citizens Grant in Uganda is given to the elderly aged 65 and above to help them live decent livelihoods; however, in some districts, it is the young, energetic poor that are being given the money.

Over 110,000 persons aged 65 and above in 141 sub-counties, towns and 6,028 villages in 15 districts are beneficiaries of the Senior Citizens Grant (SCG) that was started in 2010. SCG is one of the essential modules of the Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment (SAGE), financed by government and development partners such as DFID and Irish Aid.

SCG is aimed at enhancing access to basic needs such as food security, better nutrition, health care and improving housing among others which is legal onus of the state to provide wellbeing and upkeep for the elderly.

David Lambert Tumwesigye, advocacy advisor at Expanding Social Protection (ESP) at the Ministry Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) calls upon the new MPs to join the Uganda Parliamentary Forum on Social Protection (UPFSP) so that they can advocate care for the elderly.

What do MPs say?

Agnes Taka, Bugiri Woman MP, appreciates the services that have been offered to the elderly through SAGE. However, she calls upon the government to be open and involve grassroots leaders when selecting beneficiaries saying it will help to avoid issues of segregation.

“We need to know what criterion is followed when choosing SAGE beneficiaries. It is perturbing to learn about activities being done in your constituency from locals. Leaders need to be involved,” argues Taka.

She wonders why majority of the 15 districts where SAGE has been enrolled and the next 20 districts targeted to benefit from the programme are not from poverty stricken areas.

She asks her colleagues to push the government hard so that there can be transparency in the enrollment.

Rtd Lt Cyrus Amodoi, MP Tonoma County, Katakwi district, marvels at why the programme in some districts has been shifted from the elderly to the poorest people.

“What I have seen is that there is political interference in some parts where SAGE has been enrolled. In some places they target the poorest people instead of senior citizens,” says Amodoi.

In response to MPs queries, Drake Rukundo, Policy and Monitoring and Evaluation, UPFSP, says they have on ground people who gather information for the befitting citizens. He encourages the MPs to advocate countrywide enrollment for the elderly.

Rukundo says they want government to commit resources as a priority towards social protection to help the elderly live decent livelihoods because they are the bridge between the past and the future.

He applauds the 9th Parliament for being instrumental in ensuring the survival of the SAGE programme and extending it from 15 districts to additional 40 districts in the next five years.

In the FY 2015/16 Budget process, Parliament made a resolution where the SAGE programme was to be rolled out to the whole country covering 100 oldest persons in every sub-county.

Tumwesigye says the 10th parliament and the government did their work and it remains critical that all districts get covered for fairness and equitable development. The new MPs are expected to enlist to become members so that advocacy on social protection is boosted.

The forum undertakes to provide information and create spaces for engagement on issues touching social protection.

The cabinet passed the social protection policy which proposes a myriad of progressive interventions that if implemented will significantly contribute to the journey from third world to middle income status as envisaged in the Vision 2040.

However, even with the current roll-out plan, only a total of 55 districts will be reached leaving out 57 districts. To maximise pressure on government, the Forum has conducted regional consultative meetings that bring together Members of Parliament, District Chairpersons, District Community Development Officers and the civil society.

Reports from the Ministry

Reports from the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development indicate that the senior citizens grant is increasing productive investment where 32 per cent of the beneficiaries use the money to buy livestock or engage in petty trading while 27 per cent of the beneficiaries invest their money in hiring additional labour to work in their gardens.

“At least 16 per cent of the beneficiaries save their month’s payment purposely to cover emergencies, 17 per cent use the gratuities to support productive investments, cultivation (15 per cent and meeting the educational needs of children and/or grandchildren taking 14 per cent,” reads the report on expanding social protection programme for senior citizens grant.

According to the report, majority of the senior citizens grant beneficiaries spend the large part of their transfers on food leading to increased frequency, quantity and quality of meals eaten by beneficiary households.

The report further shows that SCG beneficiaries especially women consistently report improved participation in community affairs, sense of self-esteem and empowerment. Older people report feeling less discriminated against in their communities and more valued by their families on account of their ability to make social contributions to community-based social support mechanisms which are based on reciprocity like contributing to funerals and weddings.

About SAGE

SAGE is a financial support programme for people aged 65 years and above. Currently, the programme is covering 15 districts. A total of 40 more districts have been lined up to benefit from SAGE by 2020.

In the 2015/16 budget, over Shs30b was expected for the national rollout where 100 persons per sub-county were to benefit but government committed Shs9 billion only.

jkato@ug.

nationmedia.com


In Uganda, the government has failed to pay its retired public officials their Pension for now 20 months:

Some pensioners(Senior citizens of Uganda) appear before Parliament’s Public Accounts Committee to present their grievances about the pension scam last year. 

By Stephen Kafeero

UGANDA, Kampala- The ministry of Finance has for the last 20 months not paid pensioners who retired from the defunct Uganda Posts and Telecom Corporation.

The pensioners fault a number of government departments for engaging them in a cat-and-mouse chase as they pursue their retirement benefits.

Information available to this newspaper indicates the ministry of Finance stopped remitting money to Uganda Communications Employees Contributory Pension Scheme (UCECPS) – a government scheme where the workers’ benefits are channeled from the Finance ministry’s Privatisation Unit (PU) - in April 2015.

According to letters this newspaper has seen, Mr Keith Muhakanizi, the Secretary to the Treasury, on July 2, 2015 requested the Auditor General (AG) to undertake a special audit of UCECPS after requests by the scheme to be given more money to pay the pensioners.

When contacted, ministry of Finance spokesperson Jim Mugunga said the ministry could not handle the pensioners’ issues without the results of the AG’s audit.

“There were issues with the fund and the ministry requested for an audit by the AG. We are yet to receive the results,” Mr Mugunga said.

Three months after Mr Muhakanizi’s July 2, 2015 audit request, Ms Keto Nyapendi Kayemba, the assistant AG, asked for more time to complete the audit.

Audit scope widened

In an October 27, 2015 letter to the director of the Privatisation Unit on the update of the audit, Ms Kayemba said “the scope of this special audit has inevitably been extended to start right from inception of the scheme in 1998. We anticipate, therefore, that the exercise will necessitate at least two months to be completed.”

Ms Kayemba’s audit extension request should have ended in December last year but to date, 11 months later, no report has been presented to the Finance ministry, the pensioners or their fund managers.

It has since taken more than a year to audit the fund, which has less than 700 pensioners.

The AG spokesperson, Ms Gloria Namugera, explained that the process of validation of pensioners countrywide and calculating the pension funds from 1998 to date required more time than had been anticipated.

“By early December, the audit report should be out,” Ms Namugera said.

Challenged on whether it is the AG’s habit to recommend halting pay to employees and clients of organisations they are auditing, Ms Namugera said: “It is not up to us to recommend pay or not but an organisation would be more comfortable to pay after validation. The information provided after auditing is vital and may have implications on current and future payments.”

Mr David Nkojo, the UCECPS chairman of board of trustees, said the fund’s hands are tied in as far as helping their clients.

“We are waiting for government to give us money. We have been doing audits but the Secretary to the Treasury [Muhakanizi] requested for this particular one to be done by the AG,” he said.

The pensioners, however, have contested the legality of their staying unpaid for the whole period.

“It is illegal not to pay us. We should be paid. Many of us are dying. Since we started the scheme, we have lost more than 100 colleagues,” Mr Santos Alima, the chairperson of Uganda Communications Pensioners Association (UCOPA), told Sunday Monitor in an interview.

 

In Uganda, The Kwambuka Integrated non-government Organization has come out to cheer up for Christmas and the New Year, the Elderly Parents in Uganda that are dying of loneliness, poverty and negligence by the African government of Uganda:

By Mudangha Kolyangha

 

26 December, 2018

 

Some of the elderly parents receiving christmas

Some of the elderly parents receiving christmas goodies donated by Kwambuka Integrated organization in Budaka District. PHOTO BY MUDANGHA KOLYANGHA.JPG 

Majority of elderly parents are dying in rural communities as a result of being abandoned by the children, an official with a local Non-Government Organization (NGO) has said.

Mr Ronald Kalele, the Board chairman Kwambuka Integrated organization [KIO], said that even in the old age people deserves a dignified life but this isn’t the case in the rural communities in Budaka District.

“These elderly parents are abandoned by the caretakers or children who have migrated to urban centres leaving these elderly to grapple with problems such as debilitating diseases, visual and hearing impairment, loneliness, inability to perform certain tasks on their own and poverty,” Mr Kalele said.

Mr Kalele said this during the end of year Christmas party organized for the elderly parents in Kamonkoli Sub-county, organized by KIO.

He said that the pension system benefits only those who served in civil service and these are a minority. Those who did not work with the government can only look to their children and relatives for support. Yet the traditional informal system in which the communities looked after the elderly is gradually dying out.

He explained that the elderly parents shouldn’t not be seen simply as people who need charity. “These are people who have a wealth of knowledge and experience which, it tapped by the younger people, can help in national development. Its high time, we pay more attention on how we should take care of the elderly among us than abandoning them to suffer to the extent that elderly persons begin to regret as to why they are still on earth,” Mr Kalele said

The elderly persons drawn from Kamonkoli, Mugiti sub counties numbering about 300 were each given a Christmas goodies comprising of sugar, soap, beans, rice, meat and Shs10, 000 for this festive season.

The elderly people were also given health tips on how to stay fit by avoiding eating fatty foods during Christmas day celebrations.

“There is a tendency for people to over-eat fatty foods thinking it’s the way to go. That is wrong. Let’s eat balanced food mostly greens and fruits,”Mr Micheal Namani, a health officer told the older persons.

He also noted that elderly people tend to dodge bathing, washing and brushing their teeth, as some of the factors that reduce on their lifespan.

 

The Kamonkoli LC3 chairman, Mr Benard Mugoda, said that situation in rural areas is extremely worrying that elder persons [parents] have been abandoned, thus leaving them to grapple with this hostile environment.

“This generation has left the elder parents alone. This has created the situation to worsen on the side of the elderly persons,” he said.

The attacks directed to the International Criminal Court means that this court is working where it hurts most and that is Global Justice:

October 4, 2018

Written by URN

ICC says criticism shows they are doing a good job

ICC says criticism shows they are doing a good job

 

The strong criticism by African countries and most recently, the United States of America against the International Criminal Court, means the court is on the right track of ensuring justice in the world.
 
Addressing journalists on Tuesday in Hague, Christian Mahr, the ICC director division of external operations, said although it does concern them now that there is so much criticism of the court and threats of sanctioning ICC staff, the court is not in existence to please anybody but rather to ensure justice in the world. 
He says previously people said the ICC was biased towards Africans, saying this isn't the case. He says the fact that these concerns are coming out shows that the court is busy ensuring that there is no injustice in the world. He says since other countries are trying to withdraw, they are building momentum and calling on other party states to stand up.

 

"The purpose of the court is not to please anybody, why do states feel threatened. Now that Burundi has left the ICC, we are going to reassure the states. This concerns us a lot," he said.

 
Mahr they will continue to make their case valid. "And this is where we should be more clear because we are not political and it is up to the court to decide whether a case can be investigated or not," he said.
 
Uganda has been threatening to quit the Rome statute, which establishes the ICC, with President Yoweri Museveni, accusing the court of bias towards prosecuting African states. US President, Donald Trump recently criticised ICC, saying it has no jurisdiction, legitimacy or authority. 
 
Mahr also said they are facing funding challenges and asked other states to come in to support the court. The ICC, established through the Rome statute is an international tribunal and intergovernmental organisation that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands. 

 

It has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for war crimes and crimes against humanity. It is currently trying Dominic Ongwen, the former commander of Sania Brigade under the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) for atrocities committed in Odek, Abok, Pajule and Lukodi.

 
It is also trying former Ivory Coast president, Laurento Gbagbo for crimes against humanity. The court withdrew charges against Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy, William Ruto after they were accused of crimes resulting from Kenya's election violence in 2007-2008.

 

The court is also considering looking at cases of American soldiers who committed war crimes in Afghanistan.

 

The kid suffering it out by sleeping in the dust, not allowed to work and unable to make a living

Nb

There is no right truck for true global justice by the ICC without attending to the world economic crimes. Such crimes are the source of all the crimes this court is involved with.  The root of all evils in this world is ......

 

 

 

 

 

"Munnyambe ntaase bbebi wange"- Omukozi wolupappula lwa Bukedde asaba buyambi:

By Joseph Mutebi

Added 18th August 2018

Mad1 703x422

 

“NSABA buli muzirakisa gyali anziruukirire ntaase bbebi wange! Buli omu k’alina yeefiirize annyambe naye omwana agenda kunfaako”. Okulaajana okwo okwa mukozi wa Bukedde TV Mahd Jamada Lusiba eri abasomi ba Bukedde. Anoonya emitwalo gya ddoola ena ( mu za Uganda obukadde 150, nga ddoola tugibalidde ku 3750/- ). Ssente zino zaakumuyamba okutwala bbebi we mu ddwaaliro e Buyindi alongoosebwe oluvannyuma lw’okuziba amaaso n’amatu.

Lusiba annyonyola nti bbebi we ono Alfa Abdulrah-man Lusiba ow’omwaka ogumu n’ekitundu teyalwala wabula nnyina yasisimuka mu ttumbi n’amusanga ng’azirikidde mu buliri! Kino kyaliwo emyezi ebiri emabega.

Alfa Lusiba yeebaka bulungi nga bulijjo wabula nnyina Caroline Leah Eryuba, yagenda okuzuukuka okumuyonsa ng’azirise ku ssaawa nga 9:00 mu ttumbi. Baamuddusa mu ddwaaliro e Lubaga abasawo ne bamuteekaako omukka ogumuyambako okussa n’obupiira mwaliira. “ Wano abasawo we baakatutemera nti omwana yali afunye omusujja gwa mulalama ne yinfekisoni.

Baatugamba nti kirabika yinfekisoni yamugenda ku bwongo era baagenda okukizuula nga tawulira, talaba wadde yali atunula. Abasawo b’e Lubaga bwe baalaba nga bamulemereddwa oluvannyuma lwa wiiki emu n’ekitundu baatusindika e Mulago. Okutuukayo ng’empiso ezibadde zimukubwa zireese ebbwa.” Bwatyo Lusiba bw’anyumya. Ayongerako nti e Mulago, Dr. Kakooza yeyamujjanjaba era baabatuusiza mu kasenge k’abayi. Bwe yagenda atereeramu baabawa ekitanda ku waadi 1C, okumala wiiki ssatu. “Eno Dr. Kakooza yakatutema nti batufunire kansala atubudeebude ffe ng’abazadde tugume nga tukimanyi nti omwana waffe tagenda kuddamu kulaba, kuwulira wadde okutambula.

Twafuna omusawo omulala, Dr J.S .Byarugaba owa “Children Medical Centre’ e Bugoloobi gye twamutwala nga August 7, 2018. Yatuwa essuubi nti omwana waffe asobola okuddamu okulaba ssinga twanguwa ne tumutwala mu ddwaaliro lya “Neurogen Brain And Spine Institute” e Buyindi abajjanjaba obulwadde bwa “Post Meningoencephalitis”ajja kutereera.

Yatutegeeza nti kino kirina kukolebwa mu bwangu. Lusiba agamba nti omwana ono yeetaaga emitwalo gya doola ena ng’obujjanjabi bwakutwala emyaka ebiri gattako ddoola 5000, ez’okusula okumala omwezi mulamba nga bavudde mu ddwaaliro gye banaamala wiiki emu wabula nga balina okumuzzangayo okulaba abasawo okumala omwezi mulamba nga bali mu Buyindi. Mu kiseera kino beetaaga obukadde 70 ezitandikirwako omwana basobole okumulongoosa omulundi ogusooka. Alina obuyambi kuba ku ssimu zino eza Lusiba: 0703337432 ne 0774991228. Osobola n’okuteeka ku akawunti nnamba 01171153933295 mu DFCU mu mannya ga Mahd Lusiba. Okutereeza: Mu ggulire lye twasoose okufulumya ku mwana wa Lusiba ono mu Bukedde w’Olwokutaano, twawandiiseeko omutwe nti yeetaaga obukadde bwa doola buna. Ekituufu kyandibadde emitwalo gya ddoola ena.

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Kitegeere nti obulwadde tebukwata muntu omu bwati. Buyinza nokufuuka kawumpuli abaana bangi nebagwawo munsi yaffe!

 

Omwaana ono singa abasawo be Uganda balina obusobozi singa bogeragana nabasawo be Buyindi ku video okulaba kiki ekisanide okukolebwa. Omwaana bwaba tatambude kugenda Buyindi kijja kukendeza kusente ezetagibwa okumujjanjaba. Amagezi go bukugu bwokujjanjaba abaana ne ddagala eryetagibwa lifunika ku sente entono olwa medical research eriwo munsi zonna. Sebo Mr Lusiba ffenna tuli bazadde era tumanyi kyoyitamu. Nga bwoli owamawulire genda ku internet otekemu erinya lyobulwadde. Aba Children Medical Centre bakuyambe. Governmenti nensi nyingi zibawa sente okukola kunsonga nga zino kulwekitongole kya World Health Organization.

 

 

 

 

 

Who in the country of Kenya will hang this African prison beauty queen Ruth Kamande?

By Nancy Agutu @nancyagutu of the Kenya Star paper
Ruth Kamande who won the Miss Langata Prison. Photo/Monicah Mwangi
Ruth Kamande who won the Miss Langata Prison. Photo/Monicah Mwangi

News on the sentencing of one of the women who was described as a 'beauty' at Lang'ata prison after winning that title has spread across the country.

Ruth Kamande commonly known as Miss Lang'ata was handed the maximum death penalty for stabbing her boyfriend 25 times in 2015.

Read: An HIV card, quarrel and 22 stabs, Miss Lang'ata Prison confesses

The prison beauty queen has been in custody since then and was sentenced on Thursday by Justice Jessie Lesiit who said Kamande acted on purpose.

She is expected to appeal the sentence within 14 days.

But one question remains unanswered, does Kenya have a hangman to take charge of such criminals?

If not, why is she being sentenced to death if there will be nobody to do the job?

The man who was Kenya’s last and longest serving hangman at Kamiti Maximum Security Prison died in 2009.

Kirugumi wa Wanjuki, died in a small village on the slopes of the cold Aberdare Ranges after what was suspected to be a pneumonia attack.

Capital punishment has been practised in Kenya since before independence and is still provided for under Kenyan law.

No executions have been carried out in Kenya since 1987 when Kenya Air Force senior private official Hezekiah Ochuka and Pancras Oteyo Okumu were hanged for treason.

After trying to overthrow retired President Daniel Moi in 1982, Ochuka, Okumu and two other masterminds were sentenced to death and hanged.

They were the last people executed in Kenya to date.

More on this: No hanging since 1987: Is death penalty still relevant?

And this has left death row convicts to wait for the never-arriving hangman indefinitely with the President occasionally commuting their sentences to life imprisonment.

In 2016, President Uhuru Kenyatta signed commutation documents turning all death sentences into life jail terms.

Invoking the Power of Mercy provided by Article 133 of the Constitution, Uhuru also signed a pardon warrant and released 102 long-term convicts.

Following the signing at State House, Nairobi, some 2,747 Death Row convicts will now serve life imprisonment — 2,655 males and 92 females.

More on this: Uhuru commutes Death Row sentences to life prison terms

The mandatory death penalty was generally bequeathed on all former British colonies, as stated under the Common Law of England, as the “penalty of murder”.

Under those laws, there was only one sentence that could be judicially pronounced upon a defendant convicted of murder: the death sentence.

Although the death penalty was initially only a reserve for the convicts of murder offence, today, four offences result in the maximum penalty: murder and attempted murder, treason, oathing for crimes by proscribed criminal outfits, robbery with violence and attempted robbery with violence.

In 2017, the Supreme Court made a landmark ruling on death sentence saying that the mandatory penalty was unconstitutional.

Justice Njoki Ndung'u said the section "is out of sync and cannot stand as it is inconsistent with the constitution".

The court made the landmark ruling after a petition by two death row convicts Francis Murwatetu and Wilson Thrombus.

Following the ruling, the Office of the Attorney General said that the Supreme Court of Kenya did not abolish the death sentence in December 2017 but rather gave courts the discretion of sentencing similar cases on an individual basis.

The AG formed a task force on the review of the death penalty as directed by the court.

Last month, the AG's office said that the task force will give its report by December this year.

WARNING? 

Kenyans on social media have weighed in the matter as they caution those who kill because a relationship has failed.

"Ruth Kamande sentenced to death for stabbing her boyfriend to death in 2015. No matter how sore your relationship gets you have no right to murder anyone," User Muhy Deen said.

User Konie said, "It is unfortunate that girl child just killed boy child in cold blood,'Ruth Kamande',you have to pay for the assault."

"Judge Jessie Lesiit should have just handed Ruth Kamande to team mafisi as punishment," user Jimmy Jazz said.

Another user Ivan Wanjiku said "Ruth Kamande is too beautiful to rot in jail."

User ‏Mugiira Job said there was nothing unique with sentencing Kamande.

"Judges hand death sentence to people daily. Could #KOT be majoring on Miss Lang'ata title as the key thing? A killer is a killer," he said.

Daniel Kiragu said "Ruth Kamande sent to the Gallows...maslay queens mtajua hamjui. A win for the boy child."

"Anger can lead someone to a place they never expected.... That's why i always advice my fellow ladies never kill,abuse or fight over a man," user Martha Wa Njung'e said.

She added "If you are angered with him because of anything be in charge of that anger..walk away. It Is sad such a young and beautiful lady wasted because of Anger and Jealousy."

User Domie Njerih said It was unfortunate that the beauty queen had been sentenced to death due to 'unfortunate event' that transpired.

"My advice to young couples always leave an abusive relationship before its to late," she said.

Click here for the latest political news 

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Late Bob Marley ever warns the young at heart and sings this advice. Never love a beautiful woman. You can end up killing your brother. She will put you and herself in trouble! But then beauty is for the beholder?

 

 

 

 

 

The English And United States Customary Systems Of Weights And Measures:

The English system

Out of the welter of medieval weights and measures emerged several national systems, reformed and reorganized many times over the centuries; ultimately nearly all of these systems were replaced by the metric system. In Britain and in its American colonies, however, the altered medieval system survived.

British Imperial and U.S. Customary systems of weights and measures
1The U.S. uses avoirdupois units as the common system of measuring weight.
unitabbreviation

or symbol

equivalents in other units

of same system

metric

equivalent

Weight
Avoirdupois1avdp
ton
short ton 20 short hundredweight, or 2,000 pounds0.907 metric ton
long ton 20 long hundredweight, or 2,240 pounds1.016 metric tons
hundredweightcwt
short hundredweight 100 pounds, or 0.05 short ton45.359 kilograms
long hundredweight 112 pounds, or 0.05 long ton50.802 kilograms
poundlb, lb avdp, or #16 ounces, or 7,000 grains0.454 kilogram
ounceoz, or oz avdp16 drams, 437.5 grains, or 0.0625 pound28.350 grams
dramdr, or dr avdp27.344 grains, or 0.0625 ounce1.772 grams
graingr0.037 dram, or 0.002286 ounce0.0648 gram
stonest0.14 short hundredweight, or 14 pounds6.35 kilograms
Troy
poundlb t12 ounces, 240 pennyweight, or 5,760 grains0.373 kilogram
ounceoz t20 pennyweight, 480 grains, or 0.083 pound31.103 grams
pennyweightdwt, or pwt24 grains, or 0.05 ounce1.555 grams
graingr0.042 pennyweight, or 0.002083 ounce0.0648 gram
Apothecaries'
poundlb ap12 ounces, or 5,760 grains0.373 kilogram
ounceoz ap8 drams, 480 grains, or 0.083 pound31.103 grams
dramdr ap3 scruples, or 60 grains3.888 grams
scruples ap20 grains, or 0.333 dram1.296 grams
graingr0.05 scruple, 0.002083 ounce, or 0.0166 dram0.0648 gram
Capacity
U.S. liquid measures
gallongal4 quarts3.785 litres
quartqt2 pints0.946 litre
pintpt4 gills0.473 litre
gillgi4 fluid ounces118.294 millilitres
fluid ouncefl oz8 fluid drams29.573 millilitres
fluid dramfl dr60 minims3.697 millilitres
minimmin1/60 fluid dram0.061610 millilitre
U.S. dry measures
bushelbu4 pecks35.239 litres
peckpk8 quarts8.810 litres
quartqt2 pints1.101 litres
pintpt1/2 quart0.551 litre
British liquid and dry measure
bushelbu4 pecks0.036 cubic metre
peckpk2 gallons0.0091 cubic metre
gallongal4 quarts4.546 litres
quartqt2 pints1.136 litres
pintpt4 gills568.26 cubic centimetres
gillgi5 fluid ounces142.066 cubic centimetres
fluid ouncefl oz8 fluid drams28.412 cubic centimetres
fluid dramfl dr60 minims3.5516 cubic centimetres
minimmin1/60 fluid dram0.059194 cubic centimetre
Length
nautical milenmi6,076 feet, or 1.151 miles1,852 metres
milemi5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, or 320 rods1.609 kilometres
furlongfur660 feet, 220 yards, or 1/8 mile201 metres
rodrd5.50 yards, or 16.5 feet5.029 metres
fathomfth6 feet, or 72 inches1.829 metres
yardyd3 feet, or 36 inches0.9144 metre
footft, or '12 inches, or 0.333 yard30.48 centimetres
inchin, or "0.083 foot, or 0.028 yard2.54 centimetres
Area
square milesq mi, or mi2640 acres, or 102,400 square rods2.590 square kilometres
acre 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet0.405 hectare, or 4,047 square metres
square rodsq rd, or rd230.25 square yards, or 0.00625 acre25.293 square metres
square yardsq yd, or yd21,296 square inches, or 9 square feet0.836 square metre
square footsq ft, or ft2144 square inches, or 0.111 square yard0.093 square metre
square inchsq in, or in20.0069 square foot, or 0.00077 square yard6.452 square centimetres
Volume
cubic yardcu yd, or yd327 cubic feet, or 46,656 cubic inches0.765 cubic metre
cubic footcu ft, or ft31,728 cubic inches, or 0.0370 cubic yard0.028 cubic metre
cubic inchcu in, or in30.00058 cubic foot, or 0.000021 cubic yard16.387 cubic centimetres
acre-footac ft43,560 cubic feet, or 1,613 cubic yards1,233 cubic metres
board footbd ft144 cubic inches, or 1/12 cubic foot2.36 litres
cordcd128 cubic feet3.62 cubic metres

By the time of Magna Carta (1215), abuses of weights and measures were so common that a clause was inserted in the charter to correct those on grain and wine, demanding a common measure for both. A few years later a royal ordinance entitled “Assize of Weights and Measures” defined a broad list of units and standards so successfully that it remained in force for several centuries thereafter. A standard yard, “the Iron Yard of our Lord the King,” was prescribed for the realm, divided into the traditional 3 feet, each of 12 inches, “neither more nor less.” The perch (later the rod) was defined as 5.5 yards or 16.5 feet. The inch was subdivided for instructional purposes into 3 barley corns.

The furlong (a “furrow long”) was eventually standardized as an eighth of a mile and the acre (from an Anglo-Saxon word) as an area 4 rods wide by 40 long. There were many other units standardized during this period.

The influence of the Champagne fairs may be seen in the separate English pounds for troy weight, perhaps from Troyes, one of the principal fair cities, and avoirdupois weight, the term used at the fairs for goods that had to be weighed—sugar, salt, alum, dyes, grain. The troy pound, for weighing gold and silver bullion, and the apothecaries’ weight for drugs contained only 12 troy ounces.

A multiple of the English pound was the stone, which added a fresh element of confusion to the system by equaling neither 12 nor 16 but 14 pounds, among dozens of other pounds, depending on the products involved. The sacks of raw wool, which were medieval England’s principal export, weighed 26 stone, or 364 pounds; large standards, weighing 91 pounds, or one-fourth of a sack, were employed in wool weighing. The sets of standards, which were sent out from London to the provincial towns, were usually of bronze or brass. Discrepancies crept into the system, and in 1496, following a Parliamentary inquiry, new standards were made and sent out, a procedure repeated in 1588 under Queen Elizabeth I. Reissues of standards were common throughout the Middle Ages and early modern period in all European countries.

No major revision occurred for nearly 200 years after Elizabeth’s time, but several refinements and redefinitions were added. Edmund Gunter, a 17th-century mathematician, conceived the idea of taking the acre’s breadth (4 perches or 22 yards), calling it a chain, and dividing it into 100 links. In 1701 the corn bushel in dry measure was defined as “any round measure with a plain and even bottom, being 18.5 inches wide throughout and 8 inches deep.” Similarly, in 1707 the wine gallon was defined as a round measure having an even bottom and containing 231 cubic inches; however, the ale gallon was retained at 282 cubic inches. There were also a corn gallon and an older, slightly smaller wine gallon. There were many other attempts made at standardization besides these, but it was not until the 19th century that a major overhaul occurred.

The Weights and Measures Act of 1824 sought to clear away some of the medieval tangle. A single gallon was decreed, defined as the volume occupied by

10 imperial pounds weight of distilled water weighed in air against brass weights with the water and the air at a temperature of 62 degrees of Fahrenheit’s thermometer and with the barometer at 30 inches.

The same definition was reiterated in an Act of 1878, which redefined the yard:

the straight line or distance between the centres of two gold plugs or pins in the bronze bar…measured when the bar is at the temperature of sixty-two degrees of Fahrenheit’s thermometer, and when it is supported by bronze rollers placed under it in such a manner as best to avoid flexure of the bar.

Other units were standardized during this era as well. SeeBritish Imperial System.

Finally, by an act of Parliament in 1963, all the English weights and measures were redefined in terms of the metric system, with a national changeover beginning two years later.

The United States Customary System

In his first message to Congress in 1790, George Washingtondrew attention to the need for “uniformity in currency, weights and measures.” Currency was settled in a decimal form, but the vast inertia of the English weights and measures system permeating industry and commerce and involving containers, measures, tools, and machines, as well as popular psychology, prevented the same approach from succeeding, though it was advocated by Thomas Jefferson. In these very years the metric system was coming into being in France, and in 1821 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, in a famous report to Congress, called the metric system “worthy of acceptance…beyond a question.” Yet Adams admitted the impossibility of winning acceptance for it in the United States, until a future time

when the example of its benefits, long and practically enjoyed, shall acquire that ascendancy over the opinions of other nations which gives motion to the springs and direction to the wheels of the power.

Instead of adopting metric units, the United States tried to bring its system into closer harmony with the English, from which various deviations had developed; for example, the United States still used “Queen Anne’s gallon” of 231 cubic inches, which the British had discarded in 1824. Construction of standards was undertaken by the Office of Standard Weights and Measures, under the Treasury Department. The standard for the yard was one imported from London some years earlier, which guaranteed a close identity between the American and English yard; but Queen Anne’s gallon was retained. The avoirdupois pound, at 7,000 grains, exactly corresponded with the British, as did the troy pound at 5,760 grains; however, the U.S. bushel, at 2,150.42 cubic inches, again deviated from the British. The U.S. bushel was derived from the “Winchester bushel,” a surviving standard dating to the 15th century, which had been replaced in the British Act of 1824. It might be said that the U.S. gallon and bushel, smaller by about 17 percent and 3 percent, respectively, than the British, remain more truly medieval than their British counterparts.

At least the standards were fixed, however. From the mid-19th century, new states, as they were admitted to the union, were presented with sets of standards. Late in the century, pressure grew to enlarge the role of the Office of Standard Weights and Measures, which, by Act of Congress effective July 1, 1901, became the National Bureau of Standards (since 1988 the National Institute of Standards and Technology), part of the Commerce Department. Its functions, as defined by the Act of 1901, included, besides the construction of physical standards and cooperation in establishment of standard practices, such activities as developing methods for testing materials and structures; carrying out research in engineering, physical science, and mathematics; and compilation and publication of general scientific and technical data. One of the first acts of the bureau was to sponsor a national conference on weights and measures to coordinate standards among the states; one of the main functions of the annual conference became the updating of a model state law on weights and measures, which resulted in virtual uniformity in legislation.

Apart from this action, however, the U.S. government remained unique among major nations in refraining from exercising control at the national level. One noteworthy exception was the Metric Act of 1866, which permitted use of the metric system in the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

The Metric System Of Measurement:

The development and establishment of the metric system

One of the most significant results of the French Revolutionwas the establishment of the metric system of weights and measures.

European scientists had for many years discussed the desirability of a new, rational, and uniform system to replace the national and regional variants that made scientific and commercial communication difficult. The first proposal closely to approximate what eventually became the metric system was made as early as 1670. Gabriel Mouton, the vicar of St. Paul’s Church in Lyon, France, and a noted mathematician and astronomer, suggested a linear measure based on the arc of one minute of longitude, to be subdivided decimally. Mouton’s proposal contained three of the major characteristics of the metric system: decimalization, rational prefixes, and the Earth’s measurement as basis for a definition. Mouton’s proposal was discussed, amended, criticized, and advocated for 120 years before the fall of the Bastille and the creation of the National Assembly made it a political possibility. In April of 1790 one of the foremost members of the assembly, Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, introduced the subject and launched a debate that resulted in a directive to the French Academy of Sciences to prepare a report. After several months’ study, the academy recommended that the length of the meridian passing through Paris be determined from the North Pole to the Equator, that 1/10,000,000 of this distance be termed the metre and form the basis of a new decimal linear system, and, further, that a new unit of weight should be derived from the weight of a cubic metre of water. A list of prefixes for decimal multiples and submultiples was proposed. The National Assembly endorsed the report and directed that the necessary meridional measurements be taken.

On June 19, 1791, a committee of 12 mathematicians, geodesists, and physicists met with King Louis XVI, who gave his formal approval. The next day, the king attempted to escape from France, was arrested, returned to Paris, and was imprisoned; a year later, from his cell, he issued the proclamation that directed several scientists including Jean Delambre and Pierre Mechain to perform the operations necessary to determine the length of the metre. The intervening time had been spent by the scientists and engineers in preliminary research; Delambre and Mechain now set to work to measure the distance on the meridian from Barcelona, Spain, to Dunkirk in northern France. The survey proved arduous; civil and foreign war so hampered the operation that it was not completed for six years. While Delambre and Mechain were struggling in the field, administrative details were being worked out in Paris. In 1793 a provisional metre was constructed from geodetic data already available. In 1795 the firm decision was taken to enact adoption of the metric system for France. The new law defined the length, mass, and capacity standards and listed the prefixes for multiples and submultiples. With the formal presentation to the assembly of the standard metre, as determined by Delambre and Mechain, the metric system became a fact in June 1799. The motto adopted for the new system was “For all people, for all time.”

The standard metre was the Delambre-Mechain survey-derived “one ten-millionth part of a meridional quadrant of the earth.” The gram, the basic unit of mass, was made equal to the mass of a cubic centimetre of pure water at the temperature of its maximum density (4 °C or 39.2 °F). A platinum cylinder known as the Kilogram of the Archives was declared the standard for 1,000 grams.

The litre was defined as the volume equivalent to the volume of a cube, each side of which had a length of 1 decimetre, or 10 centimetres.

The are was defined as the measure of area equal to a square10 metres on a side. In practice the multiple hectare, 100 ares, became the principal unit of land measure.

The stere was defined as the unit of volume, equal to one cubic metre.

Names for multiples and submultiples of all units were made uniform, based on Greek and Latin prefixes.

The metric system’s conquest of Europe was facilitated by the military successes of the French Revolution and Napoleon, but it required a long period of time to overcome the inertia of customary systems. Even in France Napoleon found it expedient to issue a decree permitting use of the old medieval system. Nonetheless, in the competition between the two systems existing side by side, the advantages of metrics proved decisive; in 1840 it was established as the legal monopoly in France, and from that point forward its progress throughout the world has been steady, though it is worth observing that in many cases the metric system was adopted during the course of a political upheaval, just as in its original French beginning. Notable examples are Latin America, the Soviet Union, and China. In Japan the adoption of the metric system came about following the peaceful but far-reaching political changes associated with the Meiji Restoration of 1868.

In Britain, the Commonwealth nations, and the United States, the progress of the metric system has been discernible. The United States became a signatory to the Metric Convention of 1875 and received copies of the International Prototype Metre and the International Prototype Kilogram in 1890. Three years later the Office of Weights and Measures announced that the prototype metre and kilogram would be regarded as fundamental standards from which the customary units, the yard and the pound, would be derived.

Throughout the 20th century, use of the metric system in various segments of commerce and industry increased spontaneously in Britain and the United States; it became almost universally employed in the scientific and medical professions. The automobile, electronics, chemical, and electric power industries have all adopted metrics at least in part, as have such fields as optometry and photography. Legislative proposals to adopt metrics generally have been made in the U.S. Congress and British Parliament. In 1968 the former passed legislation calling for a program of investigation, research, and survey to determine the impact on the United States of increasing worldwide use of the metric system. The program concluded with a report to Congress in July 1971 that stated, “On the basis of the evidence marshalled in the U.S. Metric Study, this report recommends that the United States change to the International Metric System” (D.V. De Simone, A Metric America: A Decision Whose Time Has Come). Parliament went further, establishing a long-range program of changeover.

The International System of Units

Just as the original conception of the metric system had grown out of the problems scientists encountered in dealing with the medieval system, so a new system grew out of the problems a vastly enlarged scientific community faced in the proliferation of subsystems improvised to serve particular disciplines. At the same time, it had long been known that the original 18th-century standards were not accurate to the degree demanded by 20th-century scientific operations; new definitions were required. After lengthy discussion the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures (11th CGPM), meeting in Paris in October 1960, formulated a new International System of Units (abbreviated SI). The SI was amended by subsequent convocations of the CGPM. The following base units have been adopted and defined:

Length: metre

Since 1983 the metre has been defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 second.

Masskilogram

The standard for the unit of mass, the kilogram, is a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy kept by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, located in Sèvres, near Paris. A duplicate in the custody of the National Institute of Standards and Technology serves as the mass standard for the United States.

The kilogram is the only base unit still defined by an artifact. However, in 1989 it was discovered that the prototype kept at Sèvres was 50 micrograms lighter than other copies of the standard kilogram. To avoid the problem of having the kilogram defined by an object with a changing mass, the CGPM in 2011 agreed to a proposal to begin to redefine the kilogram not by a physical artifact but by a fundamental physical constant. The constant chosen was Planck’s constant, which was defined to be equal to 6.6260693 × 10−34joule second. One joule is equal to one kilogram times metre squared per second squared. Since the second and the metre were already defined in terms of the frequency of a spectral line of cesium and the speed of light, respectively, the kilogram would then be determined by accurate measurements of Planck’s constant.

Time: second

The second is defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 cycles of the radiation associated with a specified transition, or change in energy level, of the cesium-133 atom.

Electric current: ampere

The ampere is defined as the magnitude of the current that, when flowing through each of two long parallel wires separated by one metre in free space, results in a force between the two wires (due to their magnetic fields) of 2 × 10−7 newton (the newton is a unit of force equal to about 0.2 pound) for each metre of length. However, in 2011 the CGPM agreed to a proposal to begin to redefine the ampere such that the elementary charge was equal to 1.60217653 × 10−19coulomb.

Thermodynamic temperaturekelvin

The thermodynamic, or Kelvin, scale of temperature used in SI has its origin or zero point at absolute zero and has a fixed point at the triple point of water (the temperature and pressure at which ice, liquid water, and water vapour are in equilibrium), defined as 273.16 kelvins. The Celsius temperature scale is derived from the Kelvin scale. The triple point is defined as 0.01 degree on the Celsius scale, which is approximately 32.02 degrees on the Fahrenheit temperature scale. However, in 2011 the CGPM agreed to a proposal to begin to redefine the kelvin such that Boltzmann’s constantwas equal to 1.3806505 × 10−23 joule per kelvin.

Amount of substance: mole

The mole is defined as the amount of substance containing the same number of chemical units (atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, or other specified entities or groups of entities) as exactly 12 grams of carbon-12. However, in 2011 the CGPM agreed to a proposal to begin to redefine the mole such that the Avogadro constant was equal to 6.0221415 × 1023 per mole.

Light (luminous) intensity: candela

The candela is defined as the luminous intensity in a given direction of a source that emits monochromatic radiation at a frequency of 540 × 1012 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in the same direction of 1/683 watt per steradian (unit solid angle).

Widely Used Units In The SI System

A list of the widely used units in the SI system is provided in the table.

International System of Units (SI)
Base units
unitabbreviationphysical quantity
metremlength
secondstime
kilogramkgmass
ampereAelectric current
kelvinKthermodynamic temperature
candelacdluminous intensity
molemolamount of substance
Length
unitabbreviationnumber of metresapproximate U.S. equivalent
kilometrekm1,0000.62 mile
centimetrecm0.010.39 inch
millimetremm0.0010.039 inch
micrometreμm0.0000010.000039 inch
nanometrenm0.0000000010.000000039 inch
Area
unitabbreviationnumber of square metresapproximate U.S. equivalent
square kilometresq km, or km21,000,0000.3861 square mile
hectareha10,0002.47 acres
area100119.60 square yards
square centimetresq cm, or cm20.00010.155 square inch
Volume
unitabbreviationnumber of cubic metresapproximate U.S. equivalent
cubic metrem311.307 cubic yards
cubic centimetrecu cm, cm3, or cc0.0000010.061 cubic inch
Capacity
unitabbreviationnumber of litresapproximate U.S. equivalent
kilolitrekl1,0001.31 cubic yards
litrel161.02 cubic inches
centilitrecl0.010.61 cubic inch
millilitreml0.0010.061 cubic inch
microlitreμl0.0000010.000061 cubic inch
Mass and weight
unitabbreviationnumber of gramsapproximate U.S. equivalent
metric tont1,000,0001.102 short tons
gramg10.035 ounce
centigramcg0.010.154 grain
milligrammg0.0010.015 grain
microgramμg0.0000010.000015 grain
Energy
unitsymbolphysical quantityexpressed in base units
hertzHzfrequency1/s
newtonNforce, weight(m × kg)/s2
jouleJwork, energy, quantity of heat(m2 × kg)/s2
pascalPapressure, stresskg/(m × s2)
wattWpower(m2 × kg)/s3
coulombCelectric charges × A
voltVelectric potential difference(m2 × kg)/(s3 × A)
faradFelectric capacitance(s2 × s2 × A2)/(m2 × kg)
ohmΩelectric resistance, reactance(m2 × kg)/(s3 × A2)
siemensSelectric conductance(s3 × A2)/(m2 × kg)
weberWbmagnetic flux(m2 × kg)/(s2 × A)
teslaTmagnetic inductionkg/(s2 × A)
henryHinductance(m2 × kg)/(s2 × A2)
lumenlmluminous fluxcd × sr
luxlxilluminance(cd × sr)/m2

Prefixes And Units Used In The Metric System

Prefixes and units used in the metric system are provided in the table.

Metric system
*The metric system of bases and prefixes has been applied to many other units, such as decibel (0.1 bel), kilowatt (1,000 watts), megahertz (1,000,000 hertz), and microhm (one-millionth of an ohm).
Base units*
physical quantityunitsymbol
lengthmetrem
areasquare metre

are (100 square metres)

square m, or m2

a

volumecubic metre

stere (1 cubic metre)

cubic m, or m3

s

weightgram

metric ton (1,000,000 grams)

g

t

capacitylitrel
temperaturedegree Celsius°C
Prefixes designating multiples and submultiples*
prefixsymbolfactor by which base unit is multipliedexample
exa-E1018=1,000,000,000,000,000,000
peta-P1015=1,000,000,000,000,000
tera-T1012=1,000,000,000,000
giga-G109=1,000,000,000
mega-M106=1,000,000megaton (Mt)
kilo-k103=1,000kilometre (km)
hecto-, hect-h102=100hectare (ha)
deca-, dec-da10=10decastere (das)
1
deci-d10-1=0.1decigram (dg)
centi-, cent-c10-2=0.01centimetre (cm)
milli-m10-3=0.001millilitre (ml)
micro-, micr-μ10-6=0.000001microgram (μg)
nano-n10-9=0.000000001
pico-p10-12=0.000000000001
femto-f10-15=0.000000000000001
atto-a10-18=0.000000000000000001

Metric Conversions

A list of metric conversions is provided in the table.

Common equivalents and conversion factors

for U.S. Customary and SI systems

*Exact.

**Common term not used in SI.

Source: National Bureau of Standards Wall Chart.

approximate common equivalents
1 inch= 25 millimetres
1 foot= 0.3 metre
1 yard= 0.9 metre
1 mile= 1.6 kilometres
1 square inch= 6.5 square centimetres
1 square foot= 0.09 square metre
1 square yard= 0.8 square metre
1 acre= 0.4 hectare**
1 cubic inch= 16 cubic centimetres
1 cubic foot= 0.03 cubic metre
1 cubic yard= 0.8 cubic metre
1 quart (liq)= 1 litre**
1 gallon= 0.004 cubic metre
1 ounce (avdp)= 28 grams
1 pound (avdp)= 0.45 kilogram
1 horsepower= 0.75 kilowatt
1 millimetre= 0.04 inch
1 metre= 3.3 feet
1 metre= 1.1 yards
1 kilometre= 0.6 mile (statute)
1 square centimetre= 0.16 square inch
1 square metre= 11 square feet
1 square metre= 1.2 square yards
1 hectare**= 2.5 acres
1 cubic centimetre= 0.06 cubic inch
1 cubic metre= 35 cubic feet
1 cubic metre= 1.3 cubic yards
1 litre**= 1 quart (liq)
1 cubic metre= 264 gallons
1 gram= 0.035 ounce (avdp)
1 kilogram= 2.2 pounds (avdp)
1 kilowatt= 1.3 horsepower
conversions accurate within 10 parts per million
inches × 25.4*= millimetres
feet × 0.3048*= metres
yards × 0.9144*= metres
miles × 1.60934= kilometres
square inches × 6.4516*= square centimetres
square feet × 0.0929030= square metres
square yards × 0.836127= square metres
acres × 0.404686= hectares
cubic inches × 16.3871= cubic centimetres
cubic feet × 0.0283168= cubic metres
cubic yards × 0.764555= cubic metres
quarts (liq) × 0.946353= litres
gallons × 0.00378541= cubic metres
ounces (avdp) × 28.3495= grams
pounds (avdp) × 0.453592= kilograms
horsepower × 0.745700= kilowatts
millimetres × 0.0393701= inches
metres × 3.28084= feet
metres × 1.09361= yards
kilometres × 0.621371= miles (statute)
square centimetres × 0.155000= square inches
square metres × 10.7639= square feet
square metres × 1.19599= square yards
hectares × 2.47105= acres
cubic centimetres × 0.0610237= cubic inches
cubic metres × 35.3147= cubic feet
cubic metres × 1.30795= cubic yards
litres × 1.05669= quarts (liq)
cubic metres × 264.172= gallons
grams × 0.0352740= ounces (avdp)
kilograms × 2.20462= pounds (avdp)
kilowatts × 1.34102= horsepower

Lawrence James ChisholmRonald Zupko

 

 

 

 

 

Mu Uganda, Taata w'omuyimbi Chris Evans, agudde mu kabuyonjo n'afiiramu:

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Kitaawe wa Chris Evans omuto eyafudde

 

26 June, 2018

 

Bya Mary Athony Nantambi, Bukedde,

Benard Ssonko (70) taata wa Chris Evans omutto abadde omutuze w'e Kajjansi mu zooni ya Nakigalala y'agudde mu kaabuyonjo y'ewaka we bw'adde agenze okweyamba.

Sam Lutwama ng’ono ye ssentebe w’ekitundu kino agamba nti ekireetedde kaabuyonjo eno okuggwayo ye nnamutikwa w’enkuba eyatonnye okumala ennaku bbiri  ekyareetedde amazzi okuyingira mu seminti n'anafuwa.

Pasco Muyingo  mulirwana w’omugenzi Ssonko agamba nti ku ssaawa 4:30 ez'oku makya ng'enkuba ekedde yagenzeeko mu maka g’omugenzi wabula yamusanze munakuwavu kubanga wirubalo ye yabadde ebbiddwa abantu abatannamanyikibwa era olwamaze okumutegeeza ekiriwo n'amugamba k'asooke agendeko mu kaabuyonjo kubanga yabadde teyeewulira bulungi.

Muyingo ayongeddeko nti yabadde ku bodaboda ye nga yesigamye yazzeemu okuwulira nga Ssonko alaajana nga bwaasaba okumuyamba kubanga yabadde aguddeyo.

Yalagidde omwana n'agenda okusaba abatuze baleete eddaala n’omuguwa basobole okuggya Ssonko mu kaabuyonjo.

Ebyembi eddala n’omuguwa byabuze mu kadde ako , baagenze okubifuna nga n'ekiseminti kya kaabuyonjo kyonna kiguddemu ne kimubuutikira bw'atyo n'afiiramu.

Nga wayise ebbanga poliisi y'e Kajjansi yazze n'ennyulula omulambo ne gutwalibwa mu ddwaaliro e Mulago gye gwaggyiddwa omugenzi n'aziikibwa n'aziikibwa e Makandwa.

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Munsi ezikulakulanye, zewaana nyo nti olwenzijanjaba enungi zirina abakadde bangi nyo abakyali abalamu. Nti era zirina nabaana abawere abatono enyo abafa. Uganda terina kusembayo emabega kunsonga eno!

 

Abakadde bwemunagayalira ekirabo Tonda kyakuwadde ekyobulamu okuwangala nosirika busirisi nokola entondo Tonda ekirabo aja kukikujjako amangu ago.

 

Banange abakadde mwenna muveyo mwogere ebibaluma okusinga M7 akaddiyidde mubufuzi ye bwanabogereranga olutatadde. Gwe wuyo obadde okyasobola okusindika wheelbarrow nokola emirimu awaka. Okuwangala obadde omanyi ebya Health and Safety! Obadde okimanyi nti floor ya Latrine eyagala repair. Ate nga olina abaana abasobola okukuyamba kukizibu kino. Bo abavubuka abagala okwesimbawo ku bwa LC bebangi ddala abandikuyambye basobole okufuna obuwagizi bwobukulembeze kubyalo byaffe wano e Buganda.

 

 

 

 

 

Gav't erabudde abatwala abantu okukuba ekyeyo e Oman: 'Mukikomye'

By Musasi wa Bukedde

Added 3rd June 2018

GAVUMENTI erabudde ebitongole ebitwala abantu okukuba ekyeyo okulekera awo okubatwala mu Oman.

 

Sena 703x422

Ekibuga ekikadde enyo ekya Oman nga kitemagana okukamala. Ba tourists bangi nyo ddala bakyeyuniramu okukikyalira.

 

Bino byogeddwa Moses Binoga, kamisona avunaanyizibwa ku kulwanyisa okukukusa abantu mu minisitule y’ensonga ez’omunda bwe yabadde mu lukuhhaana lw’ekibiina ekigatta ebitongole ebitwala abantu emitala w’amayanja ekya ‘Uganda Association of External Recruitment Agencies’.

 

Enyonyi nyingi nyo ddala ezitwala abakozi ne ba tourist okukola nokulaba ensi eno engagga enyo olwa Oil gwetunda munsi zonna.

Olukung'aana lwategekeddwa meeya wa Nakawa Ronald Balimwezo e Naggulu.

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Ffenna tetujja kubeera awo kuddukira Namugongo wetuba tukabira ennaku yaffe ne ya Namwandu wa Nyerere!
Governmenti ya Uganda mwe muba mukikomya obutamanya oba obujega bwobutamanya kulabirira bantu ba Uganda wano awaka, ate ne munsi endala nyingi gyebabeera.
Gwe governmenti ya Uganda, mwe musinga okufunamu kubakozi nabo ababatwala bemuwa license okutwala abantu mumawanga gebweru! Kubanga mulemeddwa ensi ya Uganda okugiteeka kumutindo omulungi ogwo mukozi okukolera obulungi munsi ya Uganda. Bwekityo nemukizuula nti otyo katubafune mu sente bagende bakolere munsi endala?
Mwakakizuula. Dembe lyomuntu okutambula nava munsi ye nakyala munsi endala. Kaba kasinge nakolerayo emirimu singa aba akiriziddwa. Governmenti ya Uganda kigikakatako okuloopa mu UN oba mu ICC ensi zino nga OMAN ezitulugunya abantu abanaku aba Uganda abagenyiwadde munsi za Buwarabu engagga , abalemeddwa okufuna emirimu munsi yabwe.

In the biggest fresh water Lake in the world, Lake Victoria (Nalubaale) a massive Crocodile has eaten up a 12-year-old boy in Namayingo, Uganda:

11 September, 2017

By Ronald Seebe

NAMAYINGO- A 12-year-old boy was on Sunday eaten by a crocodile on the shores of Lake Victoria.

The deceased, Mr Oscar Owere, was a Primary Six pupil at Lolwe Islands Primary School and a resident of Kisumu-Bukangawa village, Lolwe Islands Sub-county in Namayingo District.

He met his fate while drawing water from the lake.

Mr Peter Ouma, a fisherman, told Daily Monitor that he was organising his fish nets when he saw the boy being tossed by the lethal reptile “several meters in the lake.”

“When I rushed to the scene, I saw a huge crocodile moving fast towards him deep in the lake,” he said, adding that he raised an alarm that attracted other fishermen who looked on helplessly as the boy was being devoured by the reptile.

Some of the deceased’s body parts like the hand, fingers and toes were recovered ashore at Lolwe Landing Site, two hours later.

Lolwe Islands Sub-county Chairman, Mr Baabu Barasa, said they have on several occasions asked the Uganda Wild Authority (UWA) to capture the marauding reptiles which have killed several people.

UWA Spokesperson, Mr Jossy Muhangi, who said he was not yet aware of the incident, said efforts are underway to have the reptiles trapped and relocated to a crocodile sanctuary.

Mr Barasa said residents fear being attacked by the reptiles since the lake is their main source of water.

 The area Member of Parliament, Mr Abbot Ouma, told Daily Monitor that majority of residents fetch water from the lake for domestic purposes  due to lack of boreholes in the area.

He said that for the past two years, a total of 109 people have been eaten by crocodiles in the constituency while 35 others have survived although without body parts like hands and legs.

He said 84 people who were eaten by crocodiles are children below the age of 15.

Mr Ouma urged government to construct boundaries along the shores to save the reptiles from attacking people who go to fetch water or bathe on the shores.

“Recently, while in Israel, I discovered that most of the lake bodies have pillars constructed along the shores to protect people who go to fetch water from being attacked by the deadly reptiles,” he said while urging government to compensate families which have been eaten up by crocodiles.

The Busoga East Police Spokesman, James Mubi, cautioned parents against sending children to fetch water on the lake shores especially at night.

 editorial@ug.nationmedia.com

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The Uganda Wild Life Authority makes lots of money from Wild life tourism but seems to look the other way when the crocodiles in the biggest fresh lake in the world are starving!

 

 

OBULAMU MU AFRICA TEBULINA KULUMYA MUNTU

A Blind Mother struggles to raise visually impaired children:

Thirty-year-old Aisha Namulema has had to bear the burden of raising of her children after the two men who fathered them left.

Uncomfortable sensation of helplessness and sheer anxiety are what befall the outer and inner person upon paying a visit to Aisha Namulema’s home at Kijjumbula Village in Rakai District.

At 30 years of age, Namulema is a single mother of four; a pair of twins (boy and girl) aged nine, her third and last born boy and girl aged five and three years old, respectively.

This pitiable family of five stays in a wobbly single-roomed house, molded with mud and eucalyptus poles for support.

Namulema says she lost her sight at eight years, when she was studying in Primary One at Kyenvubu Primary School located in Rakai District. She recalls a blurred coating suddenly covering her eyes to destroy her whole sight.

She explains that because she was from an impoverished family, she failed to get specialised medical attention for her ailment.

This incidentally marked the end of her days in school and the beginning of the untold suffering she is currently undergoing.

“My parents tried all they could using herbs and basic medicines, but nothing helped. I instead became shortsighted, and would completely lose my sight when exposed to sunshine,” she narrates.

Namulema started her life as a visually impaired child, raised in a polygamous family of nine siblings. At 20 years of age, she met Jordan Ssempijja, a village-mate, with whom she began the journey of parenting.

She moved in with her mother-in-law when she got pregnant and bore a pair of twins first and three years later, a baby boy.

Her twin daughter and their third born also presented with blurred eye vision when they were just 11 months old and one year old respectively. “My husband superstitiously mistook the poor sight of our children for witchcraft, although he never found any medicines to provide healing,” she says.

When her mother-in-law passed on, it marked the end of the little comfort she had found at her husband’s home. Ssempijja abandoned the family under the guise of finding a well-paying job in Kampala. “It is almost five years since he left and he has never returned or sent any support to the family he left behind,” she says.

Left with no survival alternative, Namulema returned to her grandmother who gave her the small portion of land on which they live before she died. She supported her family by working as a casual labourer. When she met another man with whom she had her fourth child, he also abandoned her.

“I had actually expected him to support us but he did not. I have lost all hope,” she says.

Eventually, Namulema completely lost her eyesight and her other three children remain half-blind. They are helpless, surviving at the mercy of well-wishers and passersby. The children and their mother are visibly frail, wear very old clothes, and their feat infected with jiggers and have unshaped fingernails.

Inside their falling house, Namulema owns a tinny wooden bed and an old-dusty mattress on which she squeezes herself and her two daughters. “The boys sleep on a bare floor because we cannot fit on this small bed,” she explains. When we meet, I make out from the children’s conversation that they had, for two consecutive days, slept on empty stomachs.

These minors are now the primary breadwinners of the family. They fetch water for their neighbours at shs500 per jerry cane, which money they later use to buy maize flour to prepare porridge which is their daily meal. Other essentials such as soap, sugar, tea leaves, toothpaste and the like are luxuries to this starving family.

Namulema acknowledges the hardships her young children undergo to fetch water but says she has no other way to survive. “They have learnt to persevere and can now work with less difficulty,” she adds.

No authority intervention

The local council authorities including the community development officer have not been concerned at all, or even pursued one of her children’s father who is walking freely around the village.

Namulema tells me her youngest daughter contracted a fever the previous night and the member of village health team who often checks on them had not showed up yet.

Her main concern remains the failure to send her children to school and the lack of food. Adjacent to the house is an inter-cropped plantation of maize, beans and cassava, whose germination rate is however so poor, leaving the family’s future survival under great uncertainty.

Achilles Kiwanuka, a village health volunteer and para-social worker deployed by The Aids Support Organisation-TASO, says they are also too constrained to help. “We also don’t have resources to support the family even when we would wish to do so. The remaining alternative is to look for well-wishers who can help them” he suggests.

EXPERT OPINION

Janet Nakalisa, a professional eye care specialist at Masaka Optical Services says it is not a common occurrence to find family with all members blinds. She, however, explains that it is possible due to risk factors that may range from genetic or nutrition deficiencies to eye-related diseases that include Trachoma.

“When people present with eye problems, we conduct a comprehensive study of the patient to establish the cause of the problem, besides analysing their eyesight errors to determine the required glasses,’ she notes, advising the family to seek expert services.

According to Chris Mungoma, a counsellor at The Aids Support Organisation (TASO) Masaka, who supervises the area where the family lives, “We are looking out for any charity support in terms of resources that would enable them to afford medical attention for the family.”

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Talk of Celebrating or Remembering Women's Day all over this Planet Earth. The United Nation should be coming all the way to the assistance of such families. Our voices should be heard when we insist that the International Criminal Court at the Hague should right now be working with such victims to find solutions to their life problems. These families do not need lots of money to live a decent modern life. An economic criminal court department should be introduced in this court so that human political leadership that is given the responsibility to attend to such human misery in their various countries can be summoned to the international court of law to answer to such a criminal social neglect.

 

THERE IS INDEED A VERY BIG DIFFERENCE IN TERMS OF INCOME FOR THE WOMEN OF THIS WORLD. THAT IS WHY THE LADIES OF THIS WORLD CANNOT UNDERSTAND THEMSLEVES AT ALL.
EBYEWUNYO EBIYITIRIVU BWOTUNULIRA EMUNYENYE ZINO KYONGERA OKULAGA AMAGEZI BWEGATAGYA KUKOMA MUNSI YA TONDA.
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