It is to develop the elderly of Africa, Uganda financially.


Secondly, it is to assist the needy and disabled.


Third, it is to humanely visit the sick and stressed.


Fourth it is to create financial projects for the needy to generate income for the elderly and young.


This organization has carried out such activities as:

Cake and bread baking.


Members have been involved in rural building construction and road making and repairs.


Members have been involved in decoration on functions.


Members have been involved in all means of assistance in burial ceremonies in the communities.



Ugandan workers are less educated and poorly paid:

Publish Date: 22 September, 2014


By Samuel Sanya



MOST working Ugandans are only educated up to secondary level, work for 10 years, six days a week and earn at least shillings 403/- per hour according to a wages survey.


In the wage indicator survey, released recently, 1,306 Ugandans from all administrative regions were interviewed by the Federation of Uganda Employers (FUE) in conjunction with Dutch and Tanzanian researchers.


Conservative estimates place Uganda’s working population at 17 million. The average working week of respondents is almost 60 hours and they work six days per week.


Slightly over half (51%) work evenings, seven of 10 workers report working on Saturdays, while four of 10 work on Sundays.


Nearly half of the workers in the sample were managers. Only two of 10 workers had a permanent contract, three of 10 were on fixed term contract while four of 10 workers said they are entitled to social security.


Despite the low numbers entitled to pensions, respondents indicated having four dependants on average. The analysis showed that 77% of the workers were paid on or above the poverty line of sh403 per hour or $1.25 (about sh3,000) per day.


Five percent of workers had no formal education, 14% studied to primary education 48% had secondary education certificates, 16% had a college education and 17% a university degree. Only 62% of informal workers are paid above the poverty line compared to 97% of the most formal workers.


Workers in trade, transport and hospitality are most at risk of poverty with 30% paid less than a dollar a day. Public servants are best paid. At least 92% earned above the poverty line.


Labour State minister Rukutana Mwesigwa recently revealed that Cabinet is considering creation of a wage board and a minimum wage.


The Government last set a minimum wage of sh6,000 in 1984. In 1975, the Minimum Wage Advisory Council recommended a sh75,000 minimum monthly wage. It remains on paper.

Why are the poor citizens of Uganda receiving money that is accounted for as a national pension for the elderly of this country?


By Joseph Kato


Posted  Tuesday, July 5   2016


The Senior Citizens Grant in Uganda is given to the elderly aged 65 and above to help them live decent livelihoods; however, in some districts, it is the young, energetic poor that are being given the money.

Over 110,000 persons aged 65 and above in 141 sub-counties, towns and 6,028 villages in 15 districts are beneficiaries of the Senior Citizens Grant (SCG) that was started in 2010. SCG is one of the essential modules of the Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment (SAGE), financed by government and development partners such as DFID and Irish Aid.

SCG is aimed at enhancing access to basic needs such as food security, better nutrition, health care and improving housing among others which is legal onus of the state to provide wellbeing and upkeep for the elderly.

David Lambert Tumwesigye, advocacy advisor at Expanding Social Protection (ESP) at the Ministry Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) calls upon the new MPs to join the Uganda Parliamentary Forum on Social Protection (UPFSP) so that they can advocate care for the elderly.

What do MPs say?

Agnes Taka, Bugiri Woman MP, appreciates the services that have been offered to the elderly through SAGE. However, she calls upon the government to be open and involve grassroots leaders when selecting beneficiaries saying it will help to avoid issues of segregation.

“We need to know what criterion is followed when choosing SAGE beneficiaries. It is perturbing to learn about activities being done in your constituency from locals. Leaders need to be involved,” argues Taka.

She wonders why majority of the 15 districts where SAGE has been enrolled and the next 20 districts targeted to benefit from the programme are not from poverty stricken areas.

She asks her colleagues to push the government hard so that there can be transparency in the enrollment.

Rtd Lt Cyrus Amodoi, MP Tonoma County, Katakwi district, marvels at why the programme in some districts has been shifted from the elderly to the poorest people.

“What I have seen is that there is political interference in some parts where SAGE has been enrolled. In some places they target the poorest people instead of senior citizens,” says Amodoi.

In response to MPs queries, Drake Rukundo, Policy and Monitoring and Evaluation, UPFSP, says they have on ground people who gather information for the befitting citizens. He encourages the MPs to advocate countrywide enrollment for the elderly.

Rukundo says they want government to commit resources as a priority towards social protection to help the elderly live decent livelihoods because they are the bridge between the past and the future.

He applauds the 9th Parliament for being instrumental in ensuring the survival of the SAGE programme and extending it from 15 districts to additional 40 districts in the next five years.

In the FY 2015/16 Budget process, Parliament made a resolution where the SAGE programme was to be rolled out to the whole country covering 100 oldest persons in every sub-county.

Tumwesigye says the 10th parliament and the government did their work and it remains critical that all districts get covered for fairness and equitable development. The new MPs are expected to enlist to become members so that advocacy on social protection is boosted.

The forum undertakes to provide information and create spaces for engagement on issues touching social protection.

The cabinet passed the social protection policy which proposes a myriad of progressive interventions that if implemented will significantly contribute to the journey from third world to middle income status as envisaged in the Vision 2040.

However, even with the current roll-out plan, only a total of 55 districts will be reached leaving out 57 districts. To maximise pressure on government, the Forum has conducted regional consultative meetings that bring together Members of Parliament, District Chairpersons, District Community Development Officers and the civil society.

Reports from the Ministry

Reports from the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development indicate that the senior citizens grant is increasing productive investment where 32 per cent of the beneficiaries use the money to buy livestock or engage in petty trading while 27 per cent of the beneficiaries invest their money in hiring additional labour to work in their gardens.

“At least 16 per cent of the beneficiaries save their month’s payment purposely to cover emergencies, 17 per cent use the gratuities to support productive investments, cultivation (15 per cent and meeting the educational needs of children and/or grandchildren taking 14 per cent,” reads the report on expanding social protection programme for senior citizens grant.

According to the report, majority of the senior citizens grant beneficiaries spend the large part of their transfers on food leading to increased frequency, quantity and quality of meals eaten by beneficiary households.

The report further shows that SCG beneficiaries especially women consistently report improved participation in community affairs, sense of self-esteem and empowerment. Older people report feeling less discriminated against in their communities and more valued by their families on account of their ability to make social contributions to community-based social support mechanisms which are based on reciprocity like contributing to funerals and weddings.

About SAGE

SAGE is a financial support programme for people aged 65 years and above. Currently, the programme is covering 15 districts. A total of 40 more districts have been lined up to benefit from SAGE by 2020.

In the 2015/16 budget, over Shs30b was expected for the national rollout where 100 persons per sub-county were to benefit but government committed Shs9 billion only.



There is no official national register of pensioners in the country of Uganda:

10 June, 2016


By Nelson Wesonga, Kampala


Government says it does not have records of pensioners due to “lack of data and personal files.”

According to the ministry of Public Service, many pensioners do not show up for verification thus leading to delays in payment of their monthly dues and the once off gratuity.

The State minister for Public Service, Mr David Karubanga told MPs during plenary that the ministry will, carry out a census and biometric validation of pensioners starting February 20.

“The ministry of Public Service does not have a national register of pensioners,” Mr Karubanga said yesterday.

“Despite the decentralisation of pension management, a number of votes [ministries] have not verified the records on the payroll.”

A day earlier, Aruu Member of Parliament, Odonga Otto had told the August House that many pensioners have not been paid for several months.

Many were, therefore, depending on their relatives – who already have other financial responsibilities – to pay their bills or to buy basics.

Those without relatives are borrowing items from shopkeepers.

Shopkeepers though can only lend them for a few months expecting to be paid once they get their gratuity.

Following Mr Odonga’s remarks, the Speaker of Parliament, Rebecca Kadaga said the government was treating the senior citizens disrespectfully.

On Wednesday, Mr Karubanga also said the Public Service ministry had for the last four years not carried out verification of pensioners “due to funding shortage and lack of clear addresses" [of the pensioners].

The verification of the pensioners will be done between February 20 and March 24 at the district headquarters by Face Technologies.

According to Mr Karubanga, Face Technologies will do the work, which the ministry failed.

However, it is still not clear how much the ministry will pay the company.

Face Technologies is the company that processes driving permits for motorists.

Workers Members of Parliament Margaret Rwabushaija and the Erute Member of Parliament Jonathan Odur said the government should tell Ugandans when it would pay the pensioners all their arrears.

Mr Karubanga said payments are the responsibility of the Finance ministry.

All that Public Service does is to furnish the Finance ministry with the particulars of the claimants.



"The Businessman Kiconco is the lawful owner of Lusanja land", the court in Buganda has ruled:

4th October, 2019


By Ruth Anderah



Aftermath. What remained of the houses following the eviction of squatters on a disputed land in Sekanyonyi Village, Kampala. File Photo by Gabriel Buule.


The long awaited judgment for the Lusanja land case has been delivered this morning, with High Court judge, Justice Tadeo Asiimwe ruling that businessman Mr Medard Kiconco is the lawful owner of the land.

The High court Land division has ordered the 127 residents who were evicted from the land on Lusanja located on the Mpererwe-Kiteezi Road to vacate it, they have been given up to 30 days.

A sombre mood engulfed the court room which was filled to capacity by the affected residents when the judge made the final ruling. One of the residents identified as Juma, a boda boda rider fainted in court on hearing the ruling.

The land in dispute is part of a chunk of about 85 acres that the late Paul Bitarabeho bought in 1978 from the late mother of King Mwanga, Namasole Bagalaayeze Lunkusu.

Some of the land in Mpererwe was sold to the defunct Kampala City Council (KCC), which gazetted it in 1996 as a landfill for garbage disposal. That sale proved catastrophic. With time, effluent from the landfill permeated the wetlands and pastures, forcing the family to close the farm.

Court observed that the 127 residents bought the disputed land from the wrong person and therefore trespassed on kiconco’s land who is the registered owner having purchased it authentically from Paul Katabazi Bitabareho in 2016.

According to the evidence presented in court, the 127 residents have agreements stating that their land is at Lusanja in Wakiso District and acquired their Bibanja from Crispa Bitarabeho who had no right to sell the land.

Justice Asiimwe has faulted the LC1 chairperson of Lusanja village Samuel Kibuuka for confusing the residents by signing residents’ agreements for Kampala yet he administers under Lusanjja in Wakiso district.

The Judge has also based on the evidence of a joint -survey report carried out by the parties in this case where it was confirmed that the territorial boundaries of the land are in Mperwerwe, Kampala and not Lusanja, Wakiso district .

The judge has also ordered the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) to put clear demarcations and boundaries separating Kampala from Wakiso district more cases of the kind in future.

The judge based on the evidence he gathered from the Locus visit to this land where Crispa Bitabareho showed him a different and distant piece of land she sold to the 127 .

However, the judge has also ordered Kiconco to compensate four out of the seventeen people he found on the land in 2016 before he took its possession.

Court also rejected Kiconco’s request to be granted Shs500 million compensation in damages, on grounds that there had been confusion on the location the disputed land on the side of the evicted victims, coupled with the ignorance from whom they had to acquire their Bibanja.

The controversial land eviction took place a year ago on October 12, 2018, leaving a total of over 300 families homeless.

This caused a stir in the public domain attracting several politicians including President Museveni who made an impromptu visit to the site days after the eviction.






 The government of Uganda is trying to provide welfare to the African people of old age without providing the same to the unempoyed young in this country:

By Ruth Nasejje

Added 2nd October 2019 

Human Welfare in Africa must include all the citizens of this country. Even the babies born yesterday, must have some sort of cash to look after their African precious lives. Money must be found for all the people that are vulnerable to a very high standard of living pertaining on the continent of Africa.







Ssentebe we Lusanja akkirizza nga bweyateeka omukono ku ndagaano z'omukitundu kye, abatuuze bangi nebagobwa ku ttaka lye Buganda:

Ganda homeless citizens at Lusanja, Kyadondo, Africa:


By Musasi wa Bukedde


Added 30th July 2019



Hot2 703x422


Mr Samuel Kibuuka, Ssentebe w’e Lusanja,


Omugagga Medard Kiconco  yasenda amayumba ga basenze okuva ssentebe bweyateeka emikono ku ndagaano z’okutunda kubanga ekitundu ekyo kiri mu zooni ssentebe ono gy’atwala. Yabadde mu kkooti enkulu e Nakawa ey’omulamuzi Taddeo Asiimwe.


Kiconco alumiriza abatuuze okwesenza ku ttaka lye. Kibuuka yategeezezza nti abantu bonna Kiconco be yatwala mu kkooti abamanyi era endagaano ze baakola ne Chrispa Bitarabeho ng’abaguza ebibanja ye yazissaako emikono.


Bitarabeho ne mwannyina era be baaguza Kiconco ettaka okuli abatuuze. Omulamuzi ayise minisita omubeezi ow’ebyettaka Persis Namuganza okujja mu kkooti leero naye yeewoezeeko.


Mwe nga abakulembeze be ggwanga lyammwe musooke nga okusenza abantu bammwe. Waliwo enjogera nti tokyalina Muganda gwoyinza kwesiga wano e Buganda nebwaba mugandawo oba omusika. Ate era nti nabaganda tebalina sente. Wandisubidde nti nabano abagula wano e Buganda nga badduka nawokeera ali ewabwe eyo, enjogera eno ewabwe bajirina bulungi! Charity begins at home!


Kibuuka webale kwogera mazima kubigambo ebiri awo ewaffe mukutunza abantu kumattaka ge Lusanja. Mwe kasita mulaba awali sente nga mudduka mangu okuteeka emikono kubuli nsonga yonna. Agula nebwaba nga ava Congo naye nga alina kusente mumuwuliriza mangu era nemumuwa obuweereza obwensuso.







In the country of Uganda, can the current youths’ lifestyle guarantee old-age security?

May 2, 2019

Written by Emmanuel Luganda

Youth attending a conference in Kampala recently

Youth attending a conference in Kampala recently


Nine years ago, my longtime friend Atwooki lost a grandmother. The 82-year-old succumbed to malaria.

With her angelic smile, Abwooli Kabajungu was my grandmother too because of the brotherly friendship I have with the grandson. Her motherly advice of encouraging us to work hard and leaving behind a legacy still lingers in my mind.

Abwooli gracefully enjoyed her old age, having saved up enough through her youthful life as a farmer, to enjoy the last years of her life. Not every elderly person has that blessing. If you have lived in Kampala for even a month, you might have seen an elderly person either selling tomatoes, charcoal or working a 14-hour shift in a shop.

While working is commendable, for an elderly person, it should not be a means for survival; rather, a hobby or way of keeping occupied. That is why it is paramount that youths start saving for their retirement as early as possible.

In Uganda, youths are ranked between 18 and 35 years but in this demographic, employment commences around 23 years after they have completed their education at tertiary level. It is shocking to see that some of the employed youth believe they are still too young to save and procrastinate on this safety net for the indefinite future.

Youths should know that savings will, at length, be a source of future survival. Employment is not perpetual, especially in this era where companies are increasingly downsizing because of rising operational costs.

There is an ill-advised sense of complacency that creeps in, when most of us begin earning money. As a worker, you have between 23/4 and 50 years of gathering savings to cater for the rest of your life. 

Therefore, the million-dollar question is: can the current youth lifestyle choices ensure old-age security? The majority of Uganda’s youths have long fallen into the habit of wasteful spending, indulging themselves in alcohol and drug binges and parties.

According to police records, 2,463 adult males and 151 adult females were involved in narcotics or drugs in 2017. The drug vice is eating at today’s youths and a quick and permanent solution ought to be found in order to numb this habit. These shortcomings among the youths are deterring their efforts for growth.

At the moment, Uganda Retirement Benefits Regulatory Authority (URBRA) has devised various ways for people to cater for those ready to save for the future without feeling the pinch.

One much scheme is the National Social Security Fund, regulated by URBRA, which deducts five per cent off your salary, is bolstered by your employer who adds 10 per cent to be dedicated to your retirement savings.

The savings are entitled to interest earnings on an annual basis, which will be given to you at 55 years, upon your request. Last year, members of NSSF earned a 15 per cent interest on their savings attributed to the good performance of the fund.

While NSSF caters for those formally employed or previously formally employed, URBRA licensed Mazima and KACITA retirement schemes that allow the informal sector to save for their retirement.

In many aspects, Uganda’s informal sector, which makes up 80 per cent of the country’s labour workforce, has lagged behind in terms of saving for retirement. Through the years, the informal sector schemes have given opportunity to the informal community to save for the future. These savings are also subjected to interest earnings since their savings are invested. 

One may want to argue that many youths are unemployed, which is true. According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 13.3 per cent of the youths in the 18-30 age group are unemployed.

In a bid to support the unemployed youth, government has introduced many projects aimed at helping youths acquire skills to create their own jobs as well as seed capital for businesses. The projects are also not in isolation of the private sector which has strongly empowered the youth to acquire skills and knowledge to prosper.

It is now incumbent on the youth, especially those in the formal education system, to seek experience prior to completion of university. For instance, if youth started volunteering and interning while in their first year at university, they would graduate with at least three years’ experience in their work of interest. 

So, fellow youth, old-age security is guaranteed on savings accumulated through your youth, which calls for hard work and planned spending.

The author is the Communication & Public Affairs Officer, URBRA.


This article is good as it wakes up the youth of Uganda to their future of old age by 2050. The best these current African governments can do is to produce a report about old age in Africa. This report must relate to the increased old age citizens in most of the developed countries. In these countries their system of support for old age citizens is not about the elderly having saved lots of money. It is all about how the whole system of welfare in these countries gives the struggling elderly a share in the basics of life.


Many of these unemployed African youths with their high cost lifestyles end up putting money in the revenue chests of the country's treasury. The responsibility of the current governments is to invest this revenue in the future good of its population. When these youths are old and done by 2035/40, there will be hope then that this country will have better services to support the weak elderly, the poor, the sick and the infants of the next generation of 2060/80 future years!





Wano e Buganda, Omulangira David Kintu Wasajja aloopye Dr. Kasasa mu kakiiko ka Bamugemereire aka Uganda olwe ttaka ly'e Mutungo,  Buganda:

Ssekabaka Frederick Mutesa the parent bought the land in dispute in 1946.


Prince David Wasajja Kintu, younger brother to Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi, has ran to the land commission to save family land, that was stolen from his father Sir Edward Mutesa by the former Justice Benedicto Kiwanuka and ended up in the hands of Dr. Mohamed Buwule Kasasa. The contested block 397 Mutungo is now home to the Ministry of Defense headquarters, CMI, ISO and ESO and local communities of Mutungo. The royal family wants a resolve to the dispute that has led government to lose money in billions of shillings of  the tax payers money .

The good times for the Royal Family of Buganda. Mr David and Marion his wife holding their baby with the Kabaka of Buganda, King Ronnie Mutebi.

Omulangira Wasajja ng'annyonnyola ebizibu byalina ku ttaka lya Kitawe Ssekabaka Muteesa II, mu kakiiko k'ettaka aka governmenti ya wakati eya NRM. Ensonga zokubba ettaka mu Buganda zirinye wansi ne waggulu ebiro bino mu Buganda.

Ono ye musajja omuganda Dr. Muhammad Buwule Kasasa eyesimbye kubintu bya Ssekabaka Muteesa okubyetwalira nga yakabifunamu obuwumbi 2 nga yekobanye ne governmenti ya wakati eya NRM. Omukulu ono alinze okusasulwa governmenti obuwumbi 7 obusigaddeyo ku sente zomuwi womusolo.

Former Politician and Chief Justice Benedicto Kiwanuka (L) with a former Democratic Party President Paulo Kawanga Ssemwogerere (R) in the early 1970s. FILE PHOTO. 


Benedicto Kiwanuka illegally got the land registered in the names of Kwemalamala Kintu, then transferred it into the names of his company Victoria Investments and then into his names. However, after his death in 1972 the land was again unscrupulously transferred into the names of a one Dr. Mohamed Buwule Kasasa


Buwule alleges that Sir Edward Mutesa was financially bankrupt and wanted money and Buwule bought the land from him through Charles Migane Njonjo the former Kenyan attorney general, although there are no documents to that effect.

Olaba ne Ssekabaka Muteesa II nga akyali mulamu naye nga awangangusiddwa ebintu bye batandikirawo okubikwatamu okubitwala nokubyegabanya!


By Musasi wa Bukedde, Alice Namutebi


Added 29th January 2019


OMULANGIRA David Kintu Wasajja alumirizza mu kakiiko k’ettaka Dr. Muhammad Bawule Kasasa okubba ettaka lya kitaawe Ssekabaka Edward Muteesa erisangibwa ku kasozi Mutungo nga libalirirwamu ssente obuwumbi mwenda. 

Wasajja w'atuukidde okuddukira mu kakiiko nga Dr. Kasasa  Gavumenti yaakamusasulako obuwumbi obusoba mu bubiri  n'asigala ng'abanja obuwumbi musanvu!. 

Wasajja akiikiridde ab’olulyo Olulangira agambye akakiiko nti bamaze emyaka egisoba mu 13 nga bali mu kkooti lwa ttaka lino ly'akakasa nti lya kitaawe Ssekabaka Muteesa.


Wasajja ategeezezza omulamuzi Catherine Bamugemereire, ssentebe w’akakiiko k’ettaka nti Muteesa yafuna ettaka lino mu mwaka gwa 1946 nga lyamugulirwa ssenga we gw'ataayatudde mannya.

Agambye nti ekyapa kyali mu mannya ga Muteesa naye bwe yawaŋŋangusibwa n'addukira e Bungereza olukwe lw’okubba ettaka lye we lwatandikira nga lwalimu Baganda bennyini okuli  ne looya Ben Kiwanuka ne John Ssebalu.

Annyonnyodde akakiiko nti Muteesa ng’ali e Bungereza yawa mwannyina Omumbejja Nnaalinnya Mpologoma obuyinza  [powers of attorney] okulabirira ettaka lye lyonna n’okumaliririza liizi ze yali agabyeko kyokka Mpologoma teyasobola kubaako ky'akola ku ttaka kubanga Amin yamusiba n'amala omwaka mulamba mu kkomera.

Agambye nti ng'akyali mu kkomera waaliwo 'powers of attorney' endala enjingirire ezaafuluma nga ziraga nti Muteesa awadde Mpologoma obuyinza okutunda ettaka lye nga zino zaawandisibwa Ben Kiwanuka kubanga zaali ziraga nti ziva Bungereza.

Annyonnyodde nti ekiwandiiko kino ekijingirire ye yali entandikwa y’okubba ettaka lya kitaawe kubanga lyasooka kugenda mu mannya ga Paul Kintu Kwemalamala, eyategeeza nti Omumbejja Mpologoma ye yamutunza ettaka olwo ne lidda mu mannya ga kkampuni ya Lake View Properties, eyali eya Kiwanuka ne Ssebalu.

Wasajja alumirizza nti Ssengaawe Mpologoma bwe yava e Luzira yakakasa nti tatundanga ku ttaka lya Muteesa ate ne Muteesa ng’ali mu buwaŋŋanguse naye yakakasa nti tatundangako ku ttaka era ebiwandiiko Abazungu baabitereka bulungi okukakasa ensonga yaabwe.

Ayongeddeko nti Dr. Kasasa yali mu lukwe ne ba Kiwanuka ne Ssebalu okubba ettaka lya Gavumenti  kubanga mu kiseera we yagulira ettaka okuva ku kkampuni ya Lake View yali yagalwa dda era bagezaako okuteeka envumbo ku ttaka obutaligula ng'aziggyako.

Wasajja mu kakiiko abadde awerekeddwaako mwannyina, Nnalinya Kagere ne balooya;  Medard Ssegona ne Muzamiru Kibeda; n'asaba akakiiko okuyingira mu nsonga zaabwe kabaddize ettaka lya kitaabwe Ssekabaka Muteesa.


Obanga ebintu ebya Ssekabaka bikwatibamu bwebityo olwo ebyabantu babulijjo kifanana kitya wano e Buganda?


Ensonga zino zirina okwongera okulabula omuganda obutejjako ttaka. Era bwotunda ettaka olwamaddu ga sente olina okugenda ewa muganda munno mpozzi naye nalyooka akuguza kuttaka nate. Ggwe omugwiira mpozzi funa lease kubanga era jova olinayo ettaka.


Abakungu bo bwa Kabaka bwa Buganda balabika mu governmenti ya NRM gyebagade enyo ate tebajja kuva mu ma kkooti kumisango gye ttaka lya Buganda. Jjajja wabwe Muteesa I bo abazunga yabagamba nti Ettaka lya Buganda maama ayonsa. Bwenamugabira gwe omuzungu alimba mbu tolina ttaka lilyo, nze nayonka kiki okulya emmere nzikute awamu nabantu bange?